People with diabetes should follow a healthy lifestyle and follow a certain diet. However, many are interested in whether it is possible to drink alcohol in diabetes.
Holidays can not do without alcohol, and a diabetic person does not know how to behave at the table.
Many people are wondering whether alcohol can be consumed in diabetes mellitus (type 2 or type 1). This article will describe the basic rules regarding the consumption of alcohol by diabetics.
The effects of alcohol on diabetics
Are alcohol and diabetes combined? Getting into the body of a diabetic, alcohol has a specific effect. The drink helps to disrupt the production of glucose in the liver tissues. It decreases and the effect of insulin increases.
When you drink alcohol, it happens quicklyabsorption into the blood. The drink is processed by the liver, so if a person takes insulin or drugs in tablets to stimulate the production of insulin, then the use of alcohol can cause a sharp decrease in blood sugar, as the liver function is disrupted. Alcohol in diabetes can provoke hypoglycemia. Also, huge damage is caused to the state of the cardiovascular system. A fatal outcome may occur.
Compatibility of diabetes mellitus and alcohol
As to whether alcohol and diabetes combine, there is a dual opinion.
The overwhelming majority of doctors are firmly convinced that:
- When you drink alcoholic beverages there is a significant reduction in blood sugar, which can trigger the development of hypoglycemia.
- A drunken patient may fall asleep and not notice the first symptoms of hypoglycemia.
- Alcohol provokes confusion, which causes hasty decisions, including when taking medications.
- If a person with diabetes has problems with kidneys and liver, then the use of such drinks can cause an aggravation of diseases of these organs.
- Alcohol has a devastating effect on the heart and blood vessels.
- Alcohol can increase appetite, which can lead to excessive consumption of food and, as a consequence, an increase in the sugar in the blood.
- Alcohol helps increase blood pressure.
The second opinion is that with diabetes you can drink alcohol, only in a very moderate amount.
There are a number of basic rules to avoid its harmful effects on the body.
A person with diabetes is advised:
- Do not drink alcohol on an empty stomach;
- use only strong drinks or dry red wine;
- keep blood sugar under control.
This opinion is held by patients who do not follow the strict instructions of the doctor and do not want to change the habitual lifestyle that they led before the discovery of their diabetes.
The main types of diabetes mellitus
Diabetes is provoked by abnormalities at the genetic level, and can also be caused by viral damage to the body or as a result of a malfunction of the immune system.
Often, the disease becomes the result of malnutrition, violations in the hormonal background, pathology of the pancreas, as well as treatment with certain drugs.
Specialists are the following types of diabetes:
- non-insulin dependent;
- insulin dependent.
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes (type 2)
How is insulin-dependent diabetes manifested (2ndtype)? It is inherent in slow development. This condition is accompanied by the presence of itching in the genital area. With this pathology skin manifestations of a fungal or bacterial nature develop.
The insulin-dependent form of diabetes (type 1)
It is inherent in patients of young age andis characterized by rapid development. This type of disease provokes a constant thirst. The diabetic sharply reduces weight, increases the volume of excreted urine, there is a muscle weakness. If the patient does not perform proper treatment, he may develop a ketoacidosis with a lack of appetite, nausea and vomiting.
For both types of disease, there are such complications as:
- disturbances in the work of the heart;
- arteriosclerosis of blood vessels;
- propensity to inflammatory processes in the genitourinary system;
- damage to the nervous system;
- various pathologies of the skin;
- obesity of the liver;
- weakening of the immune system;
- degeneration of the joints;
- fragility of teeth.
Often, a sharp change in the indicator of sugar inblood is inherent symptomatology, which is similar to intoxication. The patient begins to stagger, becomes drowsy, weakens and disoriented. People with diabetes are advised to have a doctor's report with an accurate indication of the existing pathology.
Alcohol in diabetes mellitus provokes a decrease in the production of glucose by the liver, which is dangerous for sick people who consume alcohol on an empty stomach or after sports training.
If a diabetic drink alcoholic drinks too often, he jumps in blood pressure, increases the threshold of hypoglycemia, numbness of the limbs and signs of neuropathy.
This reaction to alcohol is not uncommon. If you take alcohol in limited quantities and constantly monitor the level of insulin, then the likelihood of side effects is minimized.
If a diabetic prefers strong drinks, thenit is recommended to take no more than 75 ml. Although strong alcohol is better to replace the dry red wine, which should be consumed no more than 200 grams per day.
If a person has diabetes, you can drink alcoholto take daily? The limitation of quantity does not indicate that you can drink alcohol every day. Optimum will be a minimum reception, no more than twice a week.
The basic rules of alcohol use in the presence of diabetes mellitus
What should a diabetic person who drinks alcohol know? Can I drink any alcohol with diabetes? There are several types of alcoholic beverages, which in the presence of the disease to drink is strictly prohibited.
To this list it is possible to rank:
- sweet dessert wine;
- carbonated, containing a weak concentration of alcohol.
In addition, do not drink alcohol:
- on empty stomach;
- more often than once a week;
- in parallel with a means conducive to lowering the temperature;
- during or after sports.
It is not recommended to snack drinks with salines or fatty foods.
A golden rule should be a constant controlthe level of sugar in the blood. Check it before drinking alcohol. If he is depressed, then do not drink. If there is such a need, then you should take a drug that increases the level of sugar.
If alcohol was drunk in larger quantities than anticipated, then you should check the sugar before going to bed. Usually in this case it is lowered. Doctors advise to eat something to raise it.
Many are interested in whether alcohol can bediabetes mixed with other beverages. In this case, it is recommended to choose a low-calorie combination. It is recommended to discard sweetened drinks, juices and syrups.
In case of doubt regarding your furtherfeel, inform the person who will be nearby, about possible or probable reaction from an organism. In this case, you will be able to provide timely assistance. It is very important.
Can I drink vodka?
Can a diabetic drink vodka? To answer this question, you should pay attention to the composition of the drink. It contains alcohol diluted with water. It does not contain any impurities and additives. However, this is an ideal recipe for vodka, which is not held by all manufacturers. Modern products contain a variety of chemical impurities, which have a negative effect on the human body.
Vodka helps to lower the level of glucose, whichcan provoke hypoglycemia. Drink in combination with insulin preparations prevents the development of the right amount of hormones-purifiers that help the liver in the absorption of alcohol.
But in some cases, vodka contributes tostabilization of the diabetic state. You can consume vodka in patients with type 2 diabetes. Alcohol in this case is able to optimize the state, if the sugar index is above the permissible norm. At the same time for a day is recommended to drink no more than 100 g of drink, snacking vodka with food of average calorie content.
The drink promotes the activation of digestion and the breakdown of sugar, but at the same time it disrupts metabolic processes in the body. In this case, it is better to consult your doctor.
Many scientists believe that the use of dry red wine can not harm the body. However, for a diabetic, drinking alcohol is always fraught with complications.
Red dry wine contains usefulthe substance of the substance - polyphenols. They are able to control the level of glucose in the blood. When taking this alcoholic diabetics should pay attention to the percentage of sugar in the drink. The most optimal is the indicator no more than 5%. Therefore, doctors recommend dry red wine, although they note that it is also not worth using.
Is it possible to drink alcohol with diabetes in unlimited quantities? At a time, the use of no more than 200 g is recommended, and for daily intake sufficient will be 30-50 g.
Many people, especially men, alcoholdrinks prefer beer. It is considered a high-calorie product, which contains a large amount of carbohydrates. Therefore, it is not recommended for people with diabetes.
Beer is also alcohol. With type 2 diabetes in the amount of one glass, it is unlikely to cause harm. But in insulin-dependent patients, the drink can cause an attack of glycemia. Therefore, alcohol with type 1 diabetes and insulin is a dangerous combination. Often a coma is induced, which can lead to death.
Many diabetics mistakenly believe that beer is notis in no way harm to their health. This opinion is based on the fact that yeast has a positive effect. Often this product is used for preventive purposes. When a diabetic uses brewer's yeast, then he has a restoration of healthy metabolism, liver work and hematopoiesis are optimized. But this effect is caused by the use of yeast, not beer.
There are certain states of the body in which alcohol and diabetes are not compatible:
- Increased tendency to hypoglycemia.
- Presence of gout.
- Reduced functionality of the kidney in conjunction with a pathology such as nephropathy of diabetic nature.
- Increased level of triglycerides with alcohol intake, which causes a failure in fat metabolism.
- Excessive use of alcohol in chronic pancreatitis can trigger the onset of type 2 diabetes.
- The presence of a diabetic hepatitis or cirrhosis, which is quite common.
- Reception of Metformin. Usually this medication is prescribed for type 2 disease. The combination of alcohol with this medicine provokes the development of lactic acidosis.
- The presence of diabetic neuropathy. Ethyl alcohol provokes damage to the peripheral nerves.
Food intake should be carried out from three to five times evenly and should include different types of foods.
Particular danger is the development of latehypoglycemia, when the pathological pattern occurs a few hours after drinking alcohol. To stop such an attack is very difficult because of a sharp decrease in glycogen in the liver. And this condition can manifest itself after a sporadic drinking on an empty stomach.
Limitation of dose
If a person has diabetes, alcohol should be restricted.
The recommended dose of alcohol in the presence of diabetes:
- beer - 355 ml;
- wine - 148 ml;
- strong drinks (gin, whiskey, port wine, rum, etc.) - 50 ml.
Alcohol and diabetes, according to many doctors, do notare combined. Consumption of alcohol can cause a sharp drop in the sugar content in the blood. Doctors strongly recommend to refrain from drinking alcohol. But if this rule is not always met, then you should adhere to clear recommendations on the rules of drinking by persons suffering from impaired glucose production.</ p>