Diabetes mellitus is the factor that causesradically change the existing way of life. Of course, this step should be taken towards a healthy diet, physical activity. It is known that a person must follow a lifelong diet if he has a diagnosis of "diabetes mellitus." Nutrition for diabetes mellitus can be varied, tasty and not at all fresh. The main thing - every day to make something new and know the list of allowed products.
What is diabetes mellitus?
Nutrition in diabetes mellitus excludes manyproducts. But those, for the most part, are harmful to a healthy person. What you can eat and what can not be done with different types of diabetes - this will be discussed later. But first let's talk about what is diabetes and how to live with this condition.
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of the pancreasthe gland of insulin production, which regulates the content of sugar in the blood entering the body from food. The result is a violation of metabolic processes, including hormonal.
Physical activity in diabetes
As a rule, for patients with diabetes mellituscharacterized by overweight, so they need to control their diet. In diabetes, physical loads are shown that affect not only body weight, but also metabolic processes. There are cases when people with severe diabetes could defeat it precisely at the expense of physical activity, coupled with proper nutrition. Loads should be moderate and regular, so that the effect is fixed. It can be a daily charge, walking, swimming.
With diabetes, pasta, white bread, fried, fatty, jam, ice cream, cake, pastries, chocolate and alcohol are completely excluded.
- bread is black;
- low-fat soups on fish, chicken broth;
- boiled rabbit, veal, beef;
- Boiled fish: pike perch, pike, cod;
- boiled eggs - 1-1,5 pcs. per day;
- vegetables: cabbage, cucumbers, zucchini, radish, eggplant, tomato, green peas, pumpkin, carrots;
- potatoes - not more than 200 g per day;
- sour fruit (red currant), as well as orange, lemon, grapefruit;
- spinach, onion, garlic;
- chicory, a drink from chicory;
- kefir, yoghurt, milk, cheese (low-fat);
- buckwheat, millet, oatmeal;
- canned fish in its own juice or in tomato;
- salads from fresh vegetables, vinaigrette;
- squash, vegetable caviar;
- tomato sauce;
- broth of dogrose.
How to eat properly if there is diabetes? Nutrition for diabetes should be varied, balanced and regular, with enough calories. The break between meals should not exceed 3 hours. This should be the case with a person who has diabetes mellitus, nutrition.
They, it turns out, can be very tasty.
Salad with kohlrabi and cucumbers
Ingredients: kohlrabi cabbage (fresh) - 300 g, fresh cucumbers - 200 g, garlic - 1 slice, vegetable oil, salt, dill greens.
Grate the cabbage on a grater, cucumber - cut into strips. Mix the vegetables, season with oil, add salt and add dill.
Beans with peas and onions
Ingredients: green beans (zamor.) - 400 g; - peas green (zamor.) - 400 g - onion-turnip - 400 g; oil drain. - 3 tbsp. l .; amaranth flour - 2 tbsp. l .; tomato paste - 2 tbsp. l .; lemon juice - 1 tbsp. l .; garlic - 2 slices; dill, salt.
Melt butter on an enamel frying panfry for 3-4 minutes first peas, then beans. Onion finely crumble, save, then fry with amaranth flour. Stir the tomato paste in water, pour into the frying pan with onion, add salt, lemon juice, dill greens. Stir, stew (up to 5 minutes). Then add beans and peas, chopped garlic, mix and warm up 4 minutes. Serve with fresh tomatoes.</ p>