Turkey is a republic, and its president is the head. According to the bill passed in 2007, the leader of the state is elected through a nationwide vote for a period of five years.

President of Turkey
Before this law, according to the Constitution adopted in1982, the President of Turkey was elected for a period of 7 years, and without the right to re-election. Today, the ruling head of state has the opportunity to be re-elected for a second term. After the inauguration, he is endowed with a wide range of powers in the legislative, executive and judicial branches.

For example, the President of Turkey, as a rule,appoints the secretary of the political party that won the election of a political party, ie the head of the executive branch; Prime Minister, and on his recommendation formed the Cabinet.

First President of Turkey

The first President of the Republic of Turkey wasMustafa Kemal Ataturk. He is the founder of the modern state of Turkey. During the First World War, he led the revolutionary movement, founded the Republican People's Party of Turkey, contributed to the elimination of the Sultan's government and the proclamation of the republic.

First President of Turkey
This happened in 1923. He was an ardent nationalist, he was intolerant of national minorities: Armenians, Greeks, Bulgarians, Yezidis, Assyrians, etc. It was under his leadership that the greatest crime of the 20th century - the Armenian Genocide in 1915 - was committed, as well as the massacre of other peoples inhabiting in the territory of the Ottoman Empire. These anti-human actions he called ethnic cleansing. As for the Turkish people, Kemal Pasha, as the president of Turkey and as a true patriot, contributed to his development in every possible way: he introduced secular education in the country, reformed clothing, separated the state from religion, and adopted a new civil and criminal code corresponding to the European model.
President of Turkey 2013
In addition, he granted suffragewomen, contributed to the romanization of the alphabet, the creation of banks and industry and much more. Prominent politician, reformer and military leader Kemal Pasha is one of the most famous historical figures in the world.

Abdullah Gul - 11th President of Turkey

The current incumbent president of Turkey isAbdullah Gul. He was elected in August 2007 for a period of 7 years. This was before amending the Constitution. Therefore, in the presidential chair he will have to stay until 2014, and then, under the new legislation, he will have the opportunity to be re-elected for a second term, but this time not for 7 but for 5 years. Before becoming president, Abdullah Gul has gone a long way: he studied economics, worked in a bank, was a member of parliament, the state. minister and press secretary of the government, even the prime minister. Over the years, he has been awarded numerous awards by the rulers of various countries as a successful leader and president of Turkey. The 2013-th year was marked for Gul by the beginning of the pre-election campaign. Despite rumors that he may become the new chairman of NATO, Gul is intensively preparing for the presidential elections, which will be held in 2014.

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