Varicose veins are excruciated by the goodhalf the world's population. Someone tries to recover with every possible force, while others spread their hands, saying that the disease is not fully treated and there is no sense to go to the doctor. But is it true? To find out the answer to this question, it is necessary to understand what constitutes varicose veins and to which doctor it is nevertheless worth appealing.
Varicose veins - what is it?
Varicose veins, in which the disease occurstheir irreversible expansion or elongation. The vessel affected by this disease is weak and prone to blood clots. And this, in turn, is deadly dangerous. Thrombi are formed in dilated veins due to blood stagnation.
Having come off, he has the opportunity to get intopulmonary artery, which eventually ends lethal. In order not to risk your life, but on the contrary, to prolong it, when the first signs of varicose veins appear, you must visit a doctor without fail.
Which doctor treats varicose veins?
Varicose veins are a disease thatworries about every third in our country. Although this is a common disease, but not everyone knows which doctor treats varicose veins on the legs, hands and other parts of the body. In connection with this, self-treatment is widespread among the people. And many are inclined to the fact that this disease is not treated, so it should not pay attention.
In medicine there is a department that deals withspecifically vein diseases - phlebology. Accordingly, doctors who qualify for their treatment are called "phlebologists." They specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, prevention of all problems associated with veins.
Other specialists who treat varicose veins
Also for the treatment of the disease, one can turn toto other specialists who will find a way to remove varicose veins. Which doctor treats varicose veins, in addition to the phlebologist? Strangely enough, but the specialties of physicians who are able to eliminate the disease, all on hearing, and we repeatedly turned to such doctors, but, perhaps, on other issues.
Which doctor treats varicose veins?
- Therapist. In the end, he will most likely direct you to the phlebologist. However, it is worthwhile to turn to this specialist. If you are not sure that you have varicose veins, and the pain of the legs and the itching in the muscles cause considerable discomfort, then first contact the therapist. He will carry out the necessary diagnostic procedures. Based on the results obtained, the doctor gives a referral to a medical specialist of a narrower profile, which deals with the treatment of a certain group of organs (in this case a phlebologist).
- Surgeon. To this doctor most often come to the reception people who are sure that they have varicose veins, or with the advanced stage of this disease. The specialist after the examination, most likely, will appoint a surgical removal of veins, which are expanded.
- An angiologist. This doctor specializes in the treatment of vessels with therapeutic and surgical routes.
What kind of doctor you should contact depends on the stage of development of varicose veins. Therefore, try to notice the first symptoms of the disease in time and not delay the beginning of treatment.
Symptoms of the disease
Basically, varicose veins affect the legs. This is explained by the greater load on them compared to other parts of the body. It is important not to miss the onset of the disease. Learn to listen to your body. It is always easier to prevent or treat the initial stage of the disease, rather than neglected.
Signs of varicose veins:
- Frequent fatigue of the lower extremities.
- Pain in the legs.
- Appearance of asterisks.
- Visually visible enlarged veins.
- With the advanced stage of varicose veins, trophic ulcers may appear.
If any symptom of varicose is found betterimmediately see a doctor. Jokes with this disease are bad. Therefore, it is better to raise a false alarm than to allow the development of varicose veins and begin treatment at a neglected stage, when only the operation on the veins can help.
Factors provoking the development of varicose veins include:
- Job. In the risk group are people whose occupations are associated primarily with sedentary or standing work (vendors, hairdressers, programmers and others).
- Genetic predisposition. With a fifty percent probability, a person will get varicose veins if at least one of the parents had the disease.
- Age. After forty years, the skin of a person loses its elasticity, it becomes thinner. In this regard, the ability to maintain the veins is reduced.
- The weight. Excess weight in no way will add health to the organs of man, and the vessels are no exception. So, with excess weight, the load on them increases.
- Hypodinamy. When the muscles work hard, the blood flows from the veins on the lower limbs.
- Nicotine dependence increases the blood pressure, which provokes varicose veins.
- Hormones. A sharp change in the hormonal background can cause varicose veins. Often this disease begins to develop in pregnant women, as well as in women taking oral contraceptives, or during menopause.
- Lifting weights.
- Previously transferred thromboses.
- Abuse of alcoholic beverages.
This is not the entire list of reasons why varicose veins develop. Avoiding them, you take yourself out of the risk group.
Varicosity can be treated with two methods -conservative and surgical. The first method consists in wearing compression linen, using ointments, creams, and tablets. For the duration of treatment, it is worth noting the wrong diet and bad habits. Excellent effect gives massage and sclerotherapy. Conservative treatment is possible at the initial stage of the disease, later it does not make sense.
The surgical method is an operationfor the removal of dilated veins. It is mandatory for execution, when the stage of the disease is already neglected and the internal organs are affected. The specialist chooses the optimal variant of the operation in each case individually. At the moment, laser removal of varicose veins has been widely used. The procedure is performed under anesthesia.
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to conduct diagnostic activities, visit a specialist for advice, on which he will suggest a suitable method for getting rid of varicose veins.
In fact, it is impossible to completely cure varicose veins in folk ways at home. There is an opportunity to slow down the development of the disease, but, unfortunately, not eradicate.
Traditional methods of treatment of varicose veins:
- Infusion of boiled water, powder of nutmeg and honey to drink on a glass on an empty stomach.
- At night, compresses made from green tomatoes are made. Slices neatly tied to the dilated veins in the evening and removed in the morning. The procedure should be repeated from day to day throughout the year.
- Tincture from horse chestnut. Plant flowers insist on alcohol for two weeks. The received product should be taken on a tablespoon three times a day.
- Light physical activity. The most effective exercise is a smooth climbing on socks and a sharp landing on the heels.
Preventive actions are:
- Proper nutrition. Minimize the consumption of flour and sweet foods. Eat more fruits and vegetables.
- To drink a course of vitamins.
- Workout. Preventive types include swimming, aerobics.
- Move more at work.
- Use compression linen.
- Refuse from smoking and abuse of alcoholic beverages.
- From time to time, arrange a cool shower for your legs.
- Throw socks, stockings and socks with tight elastic bands.