Most of us do not like to contactvarious kinds of insects and parasites, and some are horrified by the mere sight of insects. But there are some for whom to deal with beetles, mites, scorpions and other such living creatures is part of their professional duties. Such people are called entomologists. Let's figure out: entomologist - who it is, what it does and what is interesting in its activities.
Profession only for courageous people
Let the entomologist's work be not related to directrisk for life, does not require special physical training and inborn talents, but still not everyone agrees to deal with this matter. The fact is that the main object of research entomologists in many causes fear, disgust, etc. What the people engaged in the profession entomologist requires from a person the presence of special personal qualities: observation, activity and true enthusiasm for their work.
To become a true professional in his field, an entomologist needs:
- be observant and patient;
- have good visual memory;
- pay attention to minor minor differences;
- be ready to work in uncomfortable conditions;
- have versatile knowledge in the rest of zoology.
History of the origin of entomology
Nowadays such a profession as an entomologist is rather well known. Who and what he does, even schoolchildren can say. But there were times when there was no concept of entomology at all.
Information on the first scientific research in thisThe region dates from the 16th century, but until the 18th century they were superficial. Then the scientists-entomologists were engaged only in descriptive works. Scientific works of those times consist mainly of assessments of the appearance and parameters of the skeleton of insects. The papyrus of Ancient Egypt contains the characteristics of locusts, which devastated the fields. In Chinese manuscripts there are instructions on breeding silkworms and recommendations for combating pests of fruit trees. This can be called the first essays of the science of entomology.
Later, the main task, on which he workedScientist entomologist, became the study of living tissues and organs of insects. Such studies were possible due to the parallel development of the science of histology and the use of microscopes and other instruments that assist in experiments.
Many of the well-known biologists were also entomologists. For example, Charles Darwin, Carl Frisch, Edward Wilson. It is also known that the famous Russian writer Vladimir Nabokov was also fond of this science. He was called the most famous writer among entomologists. Most of all Nabokov interested in butterflies. About them he repeatedly mentioned in his works.
What does an entomologist in our time
It is interesting, what are the duties of the peopleprofession? When asked: "An entomologist - who is this?", The image of an "artisan" researcher, armed with a magnifying glass, a net, a pin and a glass jar, emerges in our memory. Yes indeed, work in the bosom of nature - one of the duties of representatives of the profession. It implies the study of various species, their classification and systematization.
The main duties of entomologists:
- Collection of material, which most often act as living insects.
- Observation of their vital activity in their natural habitat.
- Detection of new, unexplored species of insects.
Many modern entomologists spend most of the time doing laboratory studies of insects.
Applied entomology. Its utility for society
So it became clear what the entomologist does. But we also need to understand that entomology gives not only theoretical knowledge. Breeding insects in laboratory conditions is most often done for agricultural purposes, where arthropods act as a bird food or as an instrument in the fight against certain species of weeds.
The labor of the entomologist is very important for each of us. The damage inflicted by insects to our home and health can be minimized precisely through the work of specialists in this profession. We, of course, are accustomed to fighting insects independently in our homes, if the problem has not taken on a global scale, but in the West they act differently. Specialized firms that help professionally deal with harmful arthropods are very common there. When buying new housing, it is considered mandatory to appeal to the entomologists, so that they conduct an analysis of the site for pest populations, develop a plan for combating them, recommend the necessary preparations.
So we found out that for a profession entomologist,who it is and what it does. From all of the above, we can conclude that the entomologist is a rather specific type of activity that not everyone will approach. If you feel at least the slightest fear or aversion to a variety of insects, you are unlikely to achieve success in this work.</ p>