Dysentery, the treatment of which we will consider,is an infectious disease that occurs with intoxication, as well as a lesion of the large intestine. It manifests itself in pain, which has a cramping character, and also a very frequent and liquid stool. The stool can be with a trace of blood. Bacterial dysentery is incredibly prevalent. Most often it is sick people in poorly developed countries.
Dysentery, the treatment of which should beimmediate, arises because of the pathogen, which is a bacterium belonging to the genus Shigella. Some species are represented by serovars. There are about forty of them. Shingellas contain endotoxin, which can make this disease more serious. Often shingellas can be found in overdue food products.
These bacteria do not die from direct sunlight, but at a temperature of one hundred degrees Celsius die instantly.
The causative agent is often transmitted from person to personman. The disease can be transmitted through any physical contact, household items, food. Most cases of dysentery occur in the fall and summer.
Getting into the body through the mouth, pathogensalmost always die in the gastric juice. A person with good immunity can withstand even a strong attack of bacteria. If they still manage to survive, then they dig into the walls of the intestine. This is the cause of ulcers, erosions, hemorrhages. The toxins that the causative agent produces cause the digestion to be disturbed. Also because of them there are symptoms of intoxication.
The entire incubation period takes no more than a week. Sometimes it can last only two days. The disease can be chronic or acute. Chronic dysentery is extremely rare.
The most typical is the colitic form. In this case, the symptoms begin immediately, and the disease itself is very acute. There are signs of distal colitis. The patient is tormented by fever, chills, the urge to empty the intestines begin to increase with every hour. In feces you can observe mucus and blood. Over time, the stool character of the bowel movements is lost, only mucus begins to leave the body.
There may be a false urge to empty the bowel. With the increase of intoxication, a person becomes weaker.
Dysentery has several forms: gastroenteric, gastroenterocolitic. The gastroenterocolitis form has its own peculiarities. Its important difference is that the stomach is struck.
The gastroenteric form is similar to foodborne disease. It is characterized by a watery stool, as well as a constant vomiting.
Diagnosis of the disease
Many people confuse this ailment with the usual foodpoisoning and mistakenly believe that all the symptoms will disappear in a day or two. Diagnosis can be made on the basis of tests. Dysentery, the treatment of which must be correct, often has an epidemiological character - in some cases it facilitates diagnosis (there are patients - all in the district can also be infected).
It is desirable that the patient is hospitalized. Treatment of dysentery is possible at home. Do not just forget that in this case, the infection can spread to all family members.
Various drugs can be used to treat dysentery: Furazolidone, Abomin, Bifidumbacterin, and others. In stationary conditions, as a rule, detoxification therapy is used.
The disease spreads very quickly in children's groups. Often epidemics began because of large quantities of low-quality products. In this case it is important to eliminate the source of the infection on time.</ p>