Dysentery is an infectious disease,the causative agents of which are the bacteria of the Shigella group. These microorganisms are of several types: shigella Sonne, Flesner and Grigorev-Shiga. The disease affects mainly the large intestine, as well as general intoxication of the body.
Dysentery: causes of children
Bacteria that cause this disease,very resistant to various environmental factors. They can live and reproduce for a long time in water, food products, dishes, and in the soil in general are up to three months. The source of infection for children can be either a patient with dysentery, or a carrier of this infection. Once the child is sick, he becomes the distributor of this infection. For infants, the source of the disease may be their mother. Dysentery in a child, symptoms which will be considered a little later, maybeis caused by poorly developed hygienic skills, after all, this infection is called a disease of dirty hands. Perhaps, that is why children become spreaders of the disease more often than adults.
The disease can have a different form-acuteor chronic. The latent (incubation) period lasts from a few hours to a week. But most often the disease manifests itself on day 2-3 after infection. The child's body temperature rises, which can last up to three days, may cause vomiting, dizziness, lethargy, headaches and decreased appetite. But the main symptom of the disease is the presence of a frequent liquid stool, the number of trips to the toilet is from 5-6 times a day. Cal can contain impurities of green mucus and blood veins. Appears aching pain in the abdomen, which is cramped in nature, it may weaken after the child descended on the pot.
How to treat dysentery in children
Treatment is appointed, as a rule, dependingfrom the form of the disease and the degree of its severity. To get rid of dysentery was successful and fast, you should follow a special diet and diet, which depends on how old the kid is.
Dysentery in children up to the year: how to treat
To very small children after a heavy drink inthe form of tea is expressed by expressed milk, in its absence, kefir or acidophilus. All the necessary lure is replaced by a decoction or tea. If the child's well-being improves, then it can be gradually applied to the chest. If vomiting resumes, then breast-feeding is again reduced. It should be remembered that all medicines can be prescribed only by the attending physician. If parents have any suspicions that dysentery has developed in a child whose symptoms are described above, seek medical help as soon as possible. As a preventive measure, a huge role is played by hygiene measures: thorough washing of fruits and vegetables, hands before meals.</ p>