The medical term gastroduodenitis isinflammation of two organs of the gastrointestinal tract of a person - the stomach and duodenum (from the Latin "gastrium" and the duodenum - duodenum). The process is usually localized in the mucous or submucosal layer and often proceeds in a chronic form with periodic exacerbations. But with unfavorable course can spread and deeper, causing peptic ulcer, and in some cases, the tumor process. For a long time it was believed that the malnutrition or disturbance of the gastroduodenal valve tone (the so-called reflux gastroduodenitis) play a key role in the occurrence of gastroduodenitis. But the direct connection of the disease with the relatively recently discovered microorganism Helicobacter pylori has been proved recently.
Symptoms and treatment of gastroduodenitis can be severevary depending on the phase and form of the process. In connection with the so-called "upper" location of the inflammation, its consequences affect the evacuation capacity of the stomach and the whole process of digestion of food. Therefore, the common symptoms of gastroduodenitis can be stool disorders from prolonged constipation to attacks of acute diarrhea, as well as flatulence, a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen and nausea, sometimes accompanied by vomiting. Locally, gastroduodenitis can be manifested by periodic pains in the nasopharyngeal region (this is the area of the projection of the duodenum and the pyloric lower part of the stomach on the abdominal wall).
Symptoms and treatment of gastroduodenitis caused bydisruption of the antral valve. Most often this form is found in children. It can be like a congenital development anomaly, when the valve does not completely close or age-related regulation disorders. In the latter case, the periods of tight compression of the valve alternate with a gap when the duodenal contents and bile are thrown into the stomach. Treatment of gastroduodenitis in children usually begins with differential diagnosis of this form of the disease. It is characterized by the occurrence of so-called "hungry pains", when the released bile falls partially on the open gastric mucosa, causing its irritation. Eating usually relieves the pain for a while. Treatment usually begins with conservative methods, but with persistent flow and severe gastrointestinal disorders leading to a delay in the child's physical development, a surgical solution of the problem is possible. In adults, this form of gastroduodenitis is usually associated with Helicobacter infection.
Symptoms and treatment of gastroduodenitis caused bythe causative agent Helicobakter pilori. The common symptoms are similar to those expressed in any gastroduodenitis - the presence of an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, odor, nausea, recurring abdominal pain, and stool disorders. Treatment is usually carried out using specially designed schemes, which include three or four special preparations (antibiotics, blockers of secretion of gastric juice). The drugs potentiate the action of each other and give the effect of eradication from the pathogen only in combination, since Helicobacter is very difficult to heal.
For patients with gastroduodenitis, great importancehas a special sparing diet with the exception of acute, fatty, roasted, alcohol. It is the neglect of this rule and the errors in the diet that most often cause the exacerbation of chronic gastroduodenitis. For the period of exacerbation is characterized by a sharp increase in pain in the near-pustular region, up to the cuts, as well as attacks of severe vomiting eaten by food, sometimes with blood veins. During this period, the ill must necessarily undergo an emergency full medical examination and full treatment to prevent further development of the process and differential diagnosis of other dangerous diseases that begin with the same symptoms. First of all, it concerns a peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum.
In general, for this disease from the sidegastrointestinal tract characterized by a variety of symptoms and treatment of gastroduodenitis must necessarily be carried out by a qualified doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable here, since it is possible to skip the onset of the development of very serious processes that may even threaten the patient's life.</ p>