The most common gynecologicala disease, according to doctors, is the nodal uterine myoma. What is this disease, what are its symptoms and what methods of treatment exist - you will learn from this article. The enemy needs to know - in order to defeat him. Remember that the information provided is for informational purposes only and can not be used for self-management and diagnosis.
In some cases, only 20% of women withthis ailment, there are any symptoms. About 80% of women who have a uterine myoma, identify it absolutely accidentally on a preventive examination or come with a complaint about another disease. But the timely treatment is the key to success!
If the nodal uterine myoma is diagnosed inthe advanced stage - that conservative treatment will be impossible. That's why it's just necessary to visit a gynecologist at least once a year to find out the problem in time.
Myoma (fibroma) is a benigna neoplasm consisting of muscle fibers and connective tissue. The main factors that trigger the pathological division of cells: hormonal disorders, frequent and complicated abortions, inflammatory diseases of the female genital area, heredity, chronic infections, persistent stress and environmental effects.
As you know, this tumor is well liabletreatment, because it completely lacks cancer cells, but do not forget that if you do not treat the disease, then this fibroid may develop into a malignant formation. Therefore, when such a diagnosis is made for pregnant women (and also non-pregnant women), they are frightened, although uterine fibroids are not a verdict, timely treatment is the guarantor of getting rid of this ailment without negative consequences.
Outwardly it looks like an elastic sealround shape. Its size can be so small that it is possible to see myoma only with the help of ultrasound or radiography of the uterus. Also it can reach very impressive sizes and weigh up to 1 kg. In addition, with myoma often occurs bleeding, especially with nodal fibroids.
It is this fibroids that are more dangerous and more frequentis due to hormonal disorders, high levels of estrogen. In practice, a multinodular uterine myoma is often found. On the walls of the uterus, dense numerous nodules are formed, their sizes sometimes reach a three-month embryo.
Symptomatic, in both nodal and multinodular myoma, is almost the same:
- profuse menstruation, sometimes with blood clots;
- with a complicated course of the disease, strong painful sensations in the lower abdomen giving into the anus can be possible;
- violation of the cycle;
- soreness in sexual contact;
- frequent urination and constipation - if the nodal uterine myoma is close to the pelvic organs;
Nodular uterine myoma - treatment and diagnosis
Modern medicine uses different methods of diagnosis. The most effective way is ultrasound of the uterus. Having a similar disease, the uterus increases and deforms.
Depending on the severity and shapethe appropriate treatment is given: conservative or operative. If surgical intervention is prescribed - do not panic, because an attempt to treat with hormonal means will not bring any results. The maximum that you will achieve - temporarily slow down its growth and weaken the expressed symptoms.
Nodular uterine fibroids can be removed in different ways(only the neoplasm or the whole body) - it all depends on the specific situation, the individual characteristics of the woman and the course of the disease. If, in addition to fibroids, a woman has a number of other diseases of the fallopian tubes and uterus, then in such cases removal of the entire uterus is indicated.
The operation itself can be performed in several ways: intra-vaginal, cavitary and laparoscopic. Only the doctor who observes you can make a decision.</ p>