First of all, it should be noted that already infar in 1796, nutritionists began to talk about a special diet for people suffering from an ailment called diabetes mellitus. The main purpose of nutrition was to replace some of the carbohydrates with useful fats. This is how you can reduce blood glucose levels and at the same time increase the susceptibility of some tissues to insulin. In addition to this diet, specialists also recommended everyday exercise. Since then, medicine has moved far ahead, but a diet for type 2 diabetics is still in demand today.
What is type 2 diabetes?
- It is a chronic disease that
in turn requires an integrated approach. In addition, it is also necessary to observe certain rules. Nutrition of diabetics, perhaps, is one of the most paramount moments among all the recommendations. The disease itself is directly related to the metabolism in the body. It is important to note that in this case, tissue cells are characterized by a reduced sensitivity to insulin, therefore, this substance can not fully perform its primary functions. The thing is that the body constantly "requires" the production of insulin, but the pancreas does not cope with this task. A diet for Type 2 diabetics is primarily necessary, in order to normalize the level of glucose in the blood itself. In addition, nutrition of this species helps to avoid obesity, which is quite common in people with this disease.
- Often a diet for type 2 diabetics becomesthe most common diet throughout life. Therefore, it is necessary to try to diversify the dishes to the maximum, so as not to "break" to the old way of life. Also, in addition to the restrictions in products, it is recommended to reduce the average daily calorie content of dishes (1200 in women, 1600 in men).
Diet for Type 2 diabetics in the first placeimplies the use in the diet of those products in which there are large amounts of vegetable fiber and water. These vegetables are raw (except potatoes), a variety of greens, mushrooms, lean meats, skimmed dairy products. Tea and coffee with sweeteners are allowed in limited quantities. It is necessary to limit the consumption of sugary carbonated beverages, as they help increase blood sugar levels and interfere with normal metabolism.
Do not eat high-calorieproducts, as they contribute to a quick set of excess weight. This and store mayonnaise, and vegetable oil, and bakery products, as well as pastries. Particular attention to alcohol. In addition to the fact that it contains so-called bare calories, it can still cause hypoglycemia.
Many people simply do not represent their life withoutsweet. Indeed, thanks to chocolate hormones are produced endorphins, which make a person happy. However, for diabetics this issue, as a rule, is very acute. But the doctors found a solution in this case. A great option for people suffering from such an ailment is the substitute. Today, the industry produces completely different drugs that can be purchased both in the pharmacy and in the regular grocery store. Without fail, consult your doctor.</ p>