N. Nekrasov worked in the 40-70-ies of the XIX century, which became complicated for the history of Russia. It was a time of active social recovery, caused by a long period of reaction and disappointment after the adoption of the long-awaited Manifesto abolishing serfdom. Socio-political situation in society has determined the main themes of the works of Nekrasov NA - a democratically-minded fighter for the freedom of the people.
"I was called to sing of your sufferings ..."
This phrase of the poet himself fully reflectsthe main thrust of his poems and poems. The heavy share of the Russian people and, in particular, women peasant women (Troika, On the Road), lawlessness and arbitrariness reigning in the landowning Russia ("Reflections at the front door"), the fate of the intelligentsia who embarked on a difficult path of struggle (" In memory of Dobrolyubov), the feat of the Decembrists and their wives ("Grandfather", "Russian Women"), the appointment of the poet and poetry ("Muse", "Poet and Citizen") are the main themes that cover Nekrasov's works. He also has wonderful lines about love ("We are stupid people ...", "Recognition"), about the beauty and greatness of Russian nature ("Spring", "Mountains"). Several poems, among which "General Toptygin" and "Grandfather Mazai and the hares", written specifically for children. The peak of creativity was undoubtedly the poem "To Whom in Russia Live Well", which is a vast panorama of the life of ordinary people.
The origins of the poet's lyrics
Perhaps the works of Nekrasov would not have been sotruthful and expressive, if they were not based on their own observations and experiences of the author. For the first time he witnessed cruelty towards another person in his childhood. His despotic father repeatedly attacked his fists not only at the serfs, but also at his wife, which even then provoked in the boy's soul a protest against the oppression of the woman. Later, he expresses his childhood impressions and boundless love for Elena Andreevna, doomed to endless suffering, in the poems "Mother", "Knight for an hour", "Bayushki-bai", etc.
Little Nikolai saw human torment andshore of the great Russian river, where one day saw the harrowing bumper ("On the Volga"). And on the wide road that passed near Greshnev, people were constantly moving around in search of work, and sometimes convicts were also sent. So gradually self-consciousness and orientation of almost every work of Nekrasov were formed.
Was in the childhood of the poet and the bright side. Many magnificent paintings of Russian nature, recreated in poetic lines, also became the result of life and observations in the estate of his father.
Nicholas Alekseyevich was very sorrowful, startingindependent life in St. Petersburg. Deprived of support from home, he fully experienced poverty and hunger. But the hardships of life only tempered the purposeful young man and helped to achieve recognition.
The best works of Nekrasov
The debut of the novice poet was a poem "Inroad ", which brought him the enthusiastic praise of V. Belinsky. Then, for about ten years, Nikolai Alekseevich was published in the pages of magazines, including Sovremennik, whose publication he was engaged in. And only in 1856 came out a collection of poems "NA Nekrasov." He aroused universal recognition among the progressively-minded part of society and brought the author a real glory. "Poet and Citizen" (opened the book), "Shkolnik", "Uncompressed Strip", "To the Times", "Lullaby Song", the poem "Sasha" - this is only a small part of the picture painted by the poet about the true position of the Russian peasantry.
If we talk about the creativity of the 60-70-ies, thenHere each work of Nekrasov - "Railroad", "Vlas", "Peasant Children", "Orina, Soldier's Mother", "Elegy", poems about the Decembrists, "Moroz-Red Nose", "Korobeiniki", etc. - not only tells about the hard life of the people, their hopes and disappointments, but also shows his power, beauty, hidden power. A fresh stream is felt in the children's and landscape lyric poetry (for example, "Green noise").
"Who lives well in Russia"
Poem-epic - this determines the genre of thisThe work of Nekrasov, written already in the post-reform period. Thanks to the movement in time and space, meetings of heroes with representatives of different classes, the introduction of folkloric elements to the reader passes an entire epoch from the life of the Russian people. Here the characters are strong and strong-willed, worthy of respect. But, trying to answer the question put in the title, the author gradually brings the reader to the image of a young fighter for universal interests, capable of inspiring and raising the masses.
So in general terms, you can characterize the work of NA Nekrasov - the creator of a large number of works that have been included in the list of the best classical poems and poems.</ p>