Blood is one of the internal environments of the body,Providing immune protection and transportation of necessary substances to all tissues and organs. Due to the complex chemical composition and strict state constants, it is extremely sensitive to the slightest changes in tissues. In this regard, the laboratory indicators of blood can be judged on the health of the whole body.
The meaning of the blood test
Decoding of blood tests, of course, notis the most informative method, but their purpose is to find a benchmark for differential diagnosis. For example, if there are changes in protein or pigment composition in the results, then it is necessary to suspect a violation of liver function, and if a sharp decrease in the number of immunocompetent cells and gamma globulins is detected, this may indicate the defeat of the human immune system.
The interpretation of the blood test (total) includesfirst of all, the quantitative ratio of all blood cells, hematocrit, sedimentation rate of red bodies, as well as hemoglobin: its number and the degree of saturation of blood erythrocytes. In the presence of an immune response, the numerical and qualitative correlation of the CQI classes is particularly important, because according to these data it is possible to determine whether the reaction has an infectious character or proceeds according to the type of hypersensitivity. And in this case, the interpretation of the blood test will help prevent the development of anaphylactic shock, to suspect vital diseases of the red bone marrow, to reduce the risk of damaging your own healthy cells by an autoimmune mechanism. The parameters of hemoglobin and the number of erythrocytes, a change in their shape and size, are the first and most accurate signs of anemic syndrome in a patient. Proper interpretation of the blood test in this case will allow timely detection of it and begin treatment to prevent the development of organic lesions of internal organs due to their ischemia.
Indicators of the same enzymatic and protein compositionthe main internal environment of the organism accurately reflects the state of metabolism of both high-molecular compounds and ions. In this connection, a more informative method is a biochemical blood test, the decoding of which allows obtaining data on the state of the organism at the molecular level. Thus, the number of investigated quantities includes all fractions of plasma proteins, a lipidogram and the most important enzymes, macroelements and products of pigment metabolism. This allows us to judge the synthetic and detoxic functions of the liver, the presence of necrotic lesions of internal organs, violations of ion exchange. Deciphering the blood test in such cases will help prevent the development of cerebral infarction and myocardium due to atherosclerotic lesions of their vessels or inflammatory processes, liver and renal insufficiency, and also help to identify severe, including tumor, lesions of bone marrow.</ p>