It is difficult to find such a person who neverlife would not have to face the need to take a clinical blood test. Decoding the PDW in it can be confusing. Most likely, many have not even heard of it.

blood test decoding pdw-sd
A general blood test is the basic minimum of anyexamination during preventive examinations, before beginning any treatment to clarify the diagnosis and register for pregnancy. This study gives a complete picture of the state of human health: inflammatory and infectious processes, anemia. So what are the indicators of clinical analysis in the blood, as usual for our hearing, and not very much?

What is a blood test?

blood test decoding pdw
Blood is a biological fluid thatpenetrates into every cell of the human body. It migrates through our body, therefore, by its state and chemical indices, one can see how healthy our body is. Based on the results of the analysis, the doctor evaluates how these or other organs and systems work. In the blood there are certain chemicals, the level of which for a specialist is indicative. Blood can be taken capillary and venous. Accordingly, the first surrenders from the finger, and the second - from the vein. The most common study is a general blood test. There are many other studies of this biological fluid in which you can see the level of sugar in it, the amount of necessary hormones, the state of the liver and other organs. Special attention is paid to hemoglobin in the blood. It is vitally important for a person, since it supplies all organs and cells with oxygen, without which various chemical reactions in them are hampered.

How to prepare for it?

Any laboratory research is necessaryprepare. To give a blood test is better on an empty stomach, 8 hours before the analysis, excluding fat from the diet. To obtain reliable results, it is necessary to refrain from drinking alcohol before testing. For the delivery of a general blood test, special training is not required, since it will be informative without it. Other blood tests require a special regimen before analysis.

Information about our health by blood analysis

pdw blood test transcript

The clinical analysis of the blood includes the determination of hemoglobin, leukocytes and formula, erythrocytes, platelets, ESR, if necessary - hematocrit, color index, beginning and end of coagulation.

The norm of erythrocytes in a general blood testis in the beautiful half of humanity from 4.0 to - 5.0, in the stronger sex - 4.5 to 5.5. These uniform elements of human blood are a biconcave plate. The erythrocyte lives 110-120 days. The number of red blood cells can be normal, high and low. An increase in the number of red blood cells is called erythrocytosis. It occurs mainly with a thickening of the blood or an increase in the number of red blood cells. Reduced amounts of red blood cells are called erythropenia. It can occur after significant blood loss.

Hemoglobin is a part of the red blood cell. Measure it in order to learn about the degree of hemoglobin hemoglobin. It fills the blood with oxygen, which means it is important for breathing. The normal level of hemoglobin for men is considered to be from 120 to 170 grams per liter. For women, a hemoglobin level of 110 to 150 grams per liter is considered normal. If the patient has lowered hemoglobin, this condition is treated as anemia, which indicates a deficiency in the body of iron and vitamin B 12. Increase in hemoglobin is not so common. It can cause a thickening of the blood, it rises in athletes, with erythrocytosis, in people living in high mountains.

White blood cells are white blood cells. Normally their number varies from 4 to 9. Their main function is protective. With inflammatory, infectious and cancer malignant processes, this indicator rises, which is called leukocytosis. If the white blood cells are less than normal, then this condition is called leukopenia, which occurs after chemotherapy, a decrease in immunity and other pathologies in the body. The leukocyte formula also has a value: neutrophils, which normally range from 45 to 70 percent of all leukocytes, lymphocytes from 19 to 37 percent, monocytes from 3 to 10 percent, eosinophils 1-5 percent, basophils to 1 percent.

ESR - sedimentation rate of erythrocytes - normal inwomen equals 1 to 15 millimeters per hour, for men it is from 1 to 10 millimeters per hour. The increase most often indicates an inflammatory, infectious or oncologic foci in the body.

Platelets participate in the coagulation systemblood, fibrinolysis. Thrombocytosis or an increase in the number of platelets in the body can indicate blood loss, observed after removal of the spleen, with myeloleukemia. Thrombocytopenia or a decrease in the number of platelets is an indicator of congenital and acquired pathologies of hematopoiesis.

What is PDW in a blood test?

pdw blood test decoding norm
Currently, more than twentyindicators that help the doctor make the most accurate conclusions about the patient's state of health. Among such a platelet index is PDW - a blood test, the transcript of which sounds like "the width of platelet distribution by their volume". It characterizes the heterogeneity of various cells, including changes in their size. In other words, the blood cells have different sizes, and it is the amount of macro- and micro-platelets that confirms this blood test. Decoding PDW helps to identify many serious pathologies in the body.

Blood for analysis should be taken on an empty stomach from a finger. The whole blood is placed in a tube in which an anticoagulant is added in advance. Currently, the study is conducted on analyzers, which in addition to this indicator can give another 24. It is very important to pass the clinical blood test correctly. The interpretation of PDW depends on the consideration of many circumstances, such as eating, overloading, pregnancy, menstrual cycle day. Therefore, you should donate blood on an empty stomach, exclude stress, heavy physical labor, do not conduct a study during menstruation.

There is also such a thing as accountingindex SD on the PDW blood test. The interpretation of PDW-SD, an indicator characterizing the heterogeneity of platelets, brings the result closer to an ideal accuracy. SD in this case is the standard deviation. It is taken into account when calculating the index.

Why do you need to know this indicator?

transcript of blood test total pdw
It's not a secret for anyone that it's very importanttreat the blood test. Decoding PDW has an important diagnostic and prognostic value. For example, the growth rate is taken into account in myelodysplastic diseases. Also, his abnormalities allow differentiation of anemia and other disorders in the body.

PDW: what is the norm in adults?

Normally, an adult has plateletsare distributed by volume by 15-17 percent. In this indicator, slight deviations are allowed - up to one two percent, which depend on the individual characteristics of each organism.

Norm of indicator for children

When decoding all the indicators of clinicalblood test takes into account the age of the patient. The PDW index is also an exception - the blood test, the transcript, the norm in children of which is estimated in comparison with other indicators.

The PDW indicator is not sufficientstudied, but his data are taken into account when confirming many pathologies, especially malignant processes of blood and hematopoietic organs in children. The average indices, which are normal for children under 18 years, range from 10 to 15 percent of the total platelet count.

PDW: a blood test (decoding). Increased level

pdw analysis
Doing research is only half the battle: the correct interpretation of the blood test is important. The overall PDW rises with such pathologies as:

  • inflammatory processes;
  • large physical exertion;
  • impaired liver function;
  • heart disease;
  • splenectomy;
  • Malignant processes, especially with metastasis in the bone marrow;
  • serious hemorrhage;
  • lead poisoning;
  • various anemia;
  • treatment with corticosteroids;
  • Alzheimer's disease;
  • postoperative period.

Physically, with PDW above the norm, a person will feel malaise and weakness, dizziness, and disability may decrease.

PDW: a blood test (decoding). Low level

pdw blood count decoding lowered
At many pathologies to expose the correct diagnosis and to appoint adequate treatment helps definition not only increase, but also lowering of level PDW. Reduced this index is when:

  • leukemia;
  • radiation sickness;
  • myelodysplastic syndrome;
  • DIC-syndrome;
  • viral diseases;
  • sepsis;
  • use of cytostatics;
  • megaloblastic anemia;
  • cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis.

In our time to have a common understanding of many thingsimportant. But it is even more important to assess your knowledge adequately. Having ideas and deep knowledge is not the same thing. Therefore, it must be understood that the PDW is a blood test, a transcript, the norm and value of which is well known only to a specialist. The person himself does not need to make any serious conclusions about the studies and their indicators, you need to go to a medical institution.

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