It is difficult to find such a person who neverlife would not have to face the need to take a clinical blood test. Decoding the PDW in it can be confusing. Most likely, many have not even heard of it.
What is a blood test?
How to prepare for it?
Any laboratory research is necessaryprepare. To give a blood test is better on an empty stomach, 8 hours before the analysis, excluding fat from the diet. To obtain reliable results, it is necessary to refrain from drinking alcohol before testing. For the delivery of a general blood test, special training is not required, since it will be informative without it. Other blood tests require a special regimen before analysis.
Information about our health by blood analysis
The clinical analysis of the blood includes the determination of hemoglobin, leukocytes and formula, erythrocytes, platelets, ESR, if necessary - hematocrit, color index, beginning and end of coagulation.
The norm of erythrocytes in a general blood testis in the beautiful half of humanity from 4.0 to - 5.0, in the stronger sex - 4.5 to 5.5. These uniform elements of human blood are a biconcave plate. The erythrocyte lives 110-120 days. The number of red blood cells can be normal, high and low. An increase in the number of red blood cells is called erythrocytosis. It occurs mainly with a thickening of the blood or an increase in the number of red blood cells. Reduced amounts of red blood cells are called erythropenia. It can occur after significant blood loss.
Hemoglobin is a part of the red blood cell. Measure it in order to learn about the degree of hemoglobin hemoglobin. It fills the blood with oxygen, which means it is important for breathing. The normal level of hemoglobin for men is considered to be from 120 to 170 grams per liter. For women, a hemoglobin level of 110 to 150 grams per liter is considered normal. If the patient has lowered hemoglobin, this condition is treated as anemia, which indicates a deficiency in the body of iron and vitamin B 12. Increase in hemoglobin is not so common. It can cause a thickening of the blood, it rises in athletes, with erythrocytosis, in people living in high mountains.
White blood cells are white blood cells. Normally their number varies from 4 to 9. Their main function is protective. With inflammatory, infectious and cancer malignant processes, this indicator rises, which is called leukocytosis. If the white blood cells are less than normal, then this condition is called leukopenia, which occurs after chemotherapy, a decrease in immunity and other pathologies in the body. The leukocyte formula also has a value: neutrophils, which normally range from 45 to 70 percent of all leukocytes, lymphocytes from 19 to 37 percent, monocytes from 3 to 10 percent, eosinophils 1-5 percent, basophils to 1 percent.
ESR - sedimentation rate of erythrocytes - normal inwomen equals 1 to 15 millimeters per hour, for men it is from 1 to 10 millimeters per hour. The increase most often indicates an inflammatory, infectious or oncologic foci in the body.
Platelets participate in the coagulation systemblood, fibrinolysis. Thrombocytosis or an increase in the number of platelets in the body can indicate blood loss, observed after removal of the spleen, with myeloleukemia. Thrombocytopenia or a decrease in the number of platelets is an indicator of congenital and acquired pathologies of hematopoiesis.
What is PDW in a blood test?
Blood for analysis should be taken on an empty stomach from a finger. The whole blood is placed in a tube in which an anticoagulant is added in advance. Currently, the study is conducted on analyzers, which in addition to this indicator can give another 24. It is very important to pass the clinical blood test correctly. The interpretation of PDW depends on the consideration of many circumstances, such as eating, overloading, pregnancy, menstrual cycle day. Therefore, you should donate blood on an empty stomach, exclude stress, heavy physical labor, do not conduct a study during menstruation.
There is also such a thing as accountingindex SD on the PDW blood test. The interpretation of PDW-SD, an indicator characterizing the heterogeneity of platelets, brings the result closer to an ideal accuracy. SD in this case is the standard deviation. It is taken into account when calculating the index.
Why do you need to know this indicator?
PDW: what is the norm in adults?
Normally, an adult has plateletsare distributed by volume by 15-17 percent. In this indicator, slight deviations are allowed - up to one two percent, which depend on the individual characteristics of each organism.
Norm of indicator for children
When decoding all the indicators of clinicalblood test takes into account the age of the patient. The PDW index is also an exception - the blood test, the transcript, the norm in children of which is estimated in comparison with other indicators.
The PDW indicator is not sufficientstudied, but his data are taken into account when confirming many pathologies, especially malignant processes of blood and hematopoietic organs in children. The average indices, which are normal for children under 18 years, range from 10 to 15 percent of the total platelet count.
PDW: a blood test (decoding). Increased level
- inflammatory processes;
- large physical exertion;
- impaired liver function;
- heart disease;
- Malignant processes, especially with metastasis in the bone marrow;
- serious hemorrhage;
- lead poisoning;
- various anemia;
- treatment with corticosteroids;
- Alzheimer's disease;
- postoperative period.
Physically, with PDW above the norm, a person will feel malaise and weakness, dizziness, and disability may decrease.
PDW: a blood test (decoding). Low level
- radiation sickness;
- myelodysplastic syndrome;
- viral diseases;
- use of cytostatics;
- megaloblastic anemia;
- cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis.
In our time to have a common understanding of many thingsimportant. But it is even more important to assess your knowledge adequately. Having ideas and deep knowledge is not the same thing. Therefore, it must be understood that the PDW is a blood test, a transcript, the norm and value of which is well known only to a specialist. The person himself does not need to make any serious conclusions about the studies and their indicators, you need to go to a medical institution.</ p>