One of the greatest prose writers of the XIX century is O. de Balzac. The biography of this writer is in no way inferior to the violent adventures of the characters he created. Until now, the world is interested in his personal life.
The founder of realism was born on May 20, 1799,in the city of Tours, which is in the center of France. The prose writer came from a simple, but enterprising family. The father, a local lawyer, Bernard François Balsa, bought and resold the land of the ruined nobles. Such a business brought him profit. This was the reason that he changed his name and boasted of his kinship with the popular writer Jean-Louis Gues de Balzac, to whom he had nothing to do.
In a house where everyone put everything in the first placefamily, the boy was not easy. Little attention in childhood was received by Honore de Balzac. The biography is briefly described in some of his works. The problems he experienced when he was young were later present in his works.
Apparently, the genius inherited the main featuresparents, because in the future they were clearly expressed in his character. At the request of the father and mother, his son was sent to Vendome College, where he studied law. The institution was distinguished by a strict discipline, which the boy constantly tore. For this he earned the reputation of a slacker and a robber. There the child discovered the world of the book. At the age of 12 he first tried himself as a writer. Then all his classmates scoffed at his works.
Due to constant stress and lack of attentionthe child fell ill. His parents took him home. The guy was sick for several years. Many doctors did not give a guarantee that the child would live. Nevertheless, he got out.
The young man continued to study the case of a lawyer in Paris,where his parents moved. At law school he studies in 1816 - 1819. At the same time he works as a notary. But really he was attracted only by the world of literature. Balzac stretched towards him. The biography could have been different, but the parents decided to support the son's enthusiasm and give him a chance.
Father promised to support in two yearsHonoré. During this time, the young man had to prove that he could work in the chosen direction. During this time, the future talent worked actively, but not to one of his works did not take seriously. The first tragedy "Cromwell" was mercilessly condemned. In general, until 1823 he wrote about 20 volumes. Later, the writer himself called his early works a complete mistake.
From time to time the young man traveled from Paris tothe province where the parents moved. There he met Laura de Berni. Closely intertwined with this woman is his biography. Balzac Honore, who received a minimum of maternal affection, found in the arms of Madame (older than him for 20 years) warmth and tenderness. Unhappy in her family life, with six children in her arms, she became his love and support.
When the time came to report to relatives for those twoyear, which they financed his hobby, Balzac had nothing to give. All attempts to break into the world of the word failed. Therefore, the family denied him money.
Habit of the businessman
Since childhood, the master of the word dreamed indecentlygrow rich. While with the literature did not add up, the prose writer tried to earn. First he issues one-volume editions of classics. Also organizes the publishing house. Then he goes to Sardinia to find in the mines the silver of the ancient Romans. Another plan that did not justify itself - the cultivation of pineapples near Paris. Complex and fantastic business schemes full of biography Balzac. Briefly describe all of his plans can be in one word - a fiasco.
From the failures of already large debts have grown even more. From prison for bills he was saved by his mother, who partially repaid loans.
During a long period of life a geniuspursued poverty. So, one night a thief got into his simple apartment. He groped for something that could be stolen. The owner, who was in the room at that time, did not lose his head and said: "It is in vain that you search in the darkness for which I do not even see by the light."
Way to success
Submission was not one of the merits thathad Honore de Balzac. The biography of the writer would not cause so many emotions, if not for his unshakable faith in his destiny. The master continued to work, no matter what.
In 1829, the prose writer again took up his pen. He made a tough schedule for himself. I went to bed at 6 pm, woke up at midnight. I wrote all the time. Dozens of pages came out from under his hand. He supported himself in strength with numerous cups of strong coffee.
Efforts were crowned with success. Fame brought him the historical novel "Shuans." The world did not yet know who Balzac was. The author's biography notes that so far he used various pseudonyms.
Actions in this book occur during the Great French Revolution. Here the talented author skillfully described the struggle of the republican troops with the Shuans.
Then he creates "Scenes of private life", "Elixir of longevity", the novel "Gobsek".
The foundation of the main labor
On the wings of success the master decides in 1831create a series of stories. It had to be a description of the morality of the time. The title is "The Human Comedy." Work began on the scenes of Paris in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Many doors opened before them the name Honore deBalzac. Biography of the man after the lightning-fast popularity has acquired new colors. In the most fashionable salons he was accepted as a respected guest. There the author got acquainted with many heroes of his future works, which were included in the "Human Comedy". The aim of the work was to combine all of your written works in one cycle. He took all the previously published novels and partially changed them. Heroes of different books have acquired among themselves family, friendships and other connections. The epic was to consist of 143 novels. But the Frenchman did not manage to finish the idea to the end.
The highlight was the author's unusual approach to the fate of his characters, because they were born, grew up, fell in love, married and raised children in pages of volumes.
Theory of Comedy
"Unsurpassed novelist" - that's what namereceived from the critics Balzac. The biography of the writer is forever associated with the "Human Comedy". It consists of three parts. The first and the widest, which included the previous work - "Studies of morals." Here the audience meets with the miser Gobsek, the disinterested father of Gorio, the French officer Shaber. The second section is "Philosophical". He helps the reader to talk about the meaning of life. Here came the novel "Shagreen Skin". The third part - "Analytical Studies." Books in this fragment are highlighted by excessive reflections, and sometimes put the plot in the background.
Balzac's biography is full of curious situations. Creativity was profitable, but did not cover all expenses and past debts. There is a story that the author went to his editor weekly to ask for an advance on future fees. The chief was very stingy, so he rarely gave money. Once the writer, as always, came for payment, but the secretary said that today the owner does not accept. To which Balzac replied that he did not care, the main thing was that the head gave money.
Women of Balzac's age
Unappealing in appearance, Honore still subduedmany ladies. They were amazed by the fuse and passion with which the prose writer spoke. Therefore, all the free time from writing the man spent with numerous mistresses. His attention was sought by many noble ladies, but often in vain. Balzac loved women of "elegant" age. The biography of the writer is full of romantic adventures. Their heroines became ladies who are far beyond 30. He described such individuals in his works.
A dream come true
Love plays a big role in a person's life. The Polish countess Evelina Ghana became the greatest passion that Honore de Balzac had ever felt. The biography briefly describes their acquaintance. A woman, like hundreds of other female fans, sent a confession to the writer. The man answered. The correspondence began. For a long time they met secretly.
Evelina refused to leave her husband and go outmarry a prose writer. Relations continued for 17 years. She became free when she was widowed. Then the couple got married. This happened in May 1850, in the Ukrainian city of Berdichev. But Balzac had no time to enjoy the marriage life. He for a long time was seriously ill and died the same year on August 18, in Paris.
Master crafted each of his heroes. He was not afraid to make their life not only bright, but also realistic. That's why Balzac's characters are still interesting to the reader.</ p>