List of broad-based antibioticsgreat and varied. These drugs are active against a large number of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and can have either a bactericidal effect that causes the death of microorganisms, or bacteriostatic, and as a result, their reproduction ceases.
Use a broad-based antibiotic shouldin the case when it is necessary to start treatment sooner or there is no possibility to identify the causative agent of the infection. It is also worthwhile to offer the patient such a treatment option if there are several causative agents of the disease, and the appointment of serious medications can not be postponed because of a threat to the life of the patient or because of the exacerbation of dangerous diseases.
List of narrow-spectrum antibioticsIt is used in the case when the bacterium-pathogen is detected, and the patient is accurately diagnosed. The use of such drugs is more justified, since they affect a certain type of bacteria or fungus, without reducing immunity and without lowering the level of beneficial bacteria in the human body. Nevertheless, antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action have become widespread in medicine. Their list is divided into penicillins, macrolides, fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins, they are available in the form of injectable solutions, tablets or capsules, as well as in other dosage forms.
List of broad-spectrum antibioticsincludes drugs that destroy not only pathogenic fungi and bacteria, but also useful human microorganisms. Especially active is the level of intestinal microflora, therefore, to restore it, it is necessary to administer probiotics to the patient.
In some people, when using antibiotics, there are side effects such as shortness of breath, headache, nausea, an allergic reaction and many others.
Very often you can hear that you can nottake antibiotics and alcohol at the same time. However, few know why. In fact, taking antibiotics in itself is already a stress for the weakened by the disease of the body, and if you add a dose of alcohol, you can get severe liver intoxication. Also, alcohol reduces the activity of the antibiotic in treatment, and the healing process will last for weeks. The cardiovascular activity of the body can be disrupted, which can lead to increased blood pressure, weakness and shortness of breath.
Penicillin can have a toxic effect on the central nervous system when used in high doses, so you need to accurately follow the doctor's prescribed dosage of medication.
A list of new generation antibiotics includes agents that have improved pharmacological properties and do not have a strong negative impact on the body.