For a long time the youthful age remainedwithout due attention of psychologists and physiologists, and practically all studies relating to school age affected the characteristics of adolescents. But youth is a period when the maturation of a person in the physical plane is over, the worldview is developing and self-consciousness is growing, and it becomes necessary to make a choice of a profession.
The youthful age affects the period from 14 to 18years and is an intermediate stage between childhood and adulthood. This intermediate defines some psychological characteristics of the individual: on the one hand, the right to autonomy from adults has been inherited from the previous period, on the other, the definition of one's place in the adult world comes. Accordingly, the characterization of adolescence is determined by the development of mental abilities and integrative mechanisms of self-knowledge, differentiation of interests and the development of a life position.
Leading activity in this period iseducational, professionally oriented. Appeared interest in the teaching is connected, among other things, with self-improvement: now there is an aspiration not only to raise one's level of culture, but also the desire to be interesting for others. Entry into the early
the youthful age is connected, in the opinion of G. Abramova, with the fact that intellectual activity passes to a new, more perfect level. This leads to the fact that at the senior school age, this activity becomes affectively colored through self-determination. Moreover, intellectual development acquires its own individual style, to which a person refers for "balancing his individuality with the objective conditions of activity."
A great leap in the development of mental functions, according toopinion of psychologists, is due to a moral and scientific worldview. Therefore, the central neoplasm of this period is professional, personal self-determination, which assumes the formation of psychological structures
at a high level. The beginning of this process was laid down in adolescence, when a child has a stable image of "I", when a person learns to build his inner dialogue and experiment with himself. Opening the inner world leads to an understanding of its uniqueness, uniqueness, and a sense of loneliness inevitably arises. Therefore, there is a need to emotionally fill the emerging inner emptiness. This leads to an insuperable need for communication, at the same time, there appears a certain selectivity and need for seclusion.
Thus, the youthful age characterizesthe formation of cognitive / professional interest, there is the ability to make plans for life. There is a way of overcoming dependence on adults and at the same time affirming one's personality as an independent unit. In the communication, the importance of collective forms of interaction remains and a focus on creating individual contacts appears. The cognitive sphere is characterized by the formation of common abilities, while creative and special abilities continue to be in the development stage.