Age of sexual consent is minimalthe age at which a person is considered eligible to consent to sexual contact with another person. This is the term of criminal law, but it is rarely used in legal documents regarding a person's sexual activity. It should not be confused with adulthood, the age of criminal responsibility, the age at which alcoholic beverages are permitted, etc.
What is typical - almost in all corners of the world agesexual consent remained within the competence of the family or counted in accordance with national traditions. In most cases, it coincided with the appearance of signs of puberty (menstruation in a girl, the appearance of pubic hair in a young man). In ancient Rome, it was customary for girls to marry immediately after puberty. Hesiod in "Trudy i deni" says that a man can marry at the age of thirty. The girl he will marry must be five years older than the age at which her puberty will come.
Closer to the 18th century in many European countriesThere were changes related to the emergence of the concept of the Enlightenment, when people focused on the development of their children. The Napoleonic Code of 1791 laid the legal foundation in this matter, setting the marriage age at 11 years. But in 1863 the age of sexual consent (for girls and boys) was increased to the age of 13 years. Like France, in many European countries in the 19th century it was also higher up to 13 years. In England, a sexual act with a girl under 13 was considered a terrible criminal offense.
In the modern world in most countriessexual relations with a person who has not reached the corresponding age, are considered a crime. True, the question of when this age of consent actually comes (Russia established it at 16) is different in the jurisdictions of different countries.</ p>