The history of the Armenian people is inextricably linkedonly with the Armenian upland, but also with the beginning of the Mesopotamian lowland at its foot, as well as with the eastern regions of Turkey, once known as Western Armenia. Herodotus wrote about this country, but before it there were really exciting events.
Western Armenia: such a long history
The path of national and state developmentArmenian people is so long and difficult that it is rather difficult to determine the precise place of its origin, and there is still no consensus among scientists on this issue.
One thing is clear - if we draw a line fromthe city of Samsun on the Black Sea coast of modern Turkey to another Turkish city of Mersin that stands on the Mediterranean coast, then such a trait on the one hand and the border of the modern Armenian Republic on the other will become the borders of the region known in historiography as Western Armenia.
From the Iron Age to Tigranakert
Western Armenia has been inhabited since time,when mankind did not yet know the potter's wheel. Archaeological excavations begun in the twentieth century show that in the immediate vicinity of the Armenian Highlands, highly organized human communities lived in the X century. BC. e.
Among Armenian historians has always been noticeablethe tendency to build the genealogy of the Armenian people to the state of Urartu, whose center was on the eastern shore of Lake Van. An extensive monograph of the great Petersburg researcher B. Piotrovsky is devoted to this question.
After a short time, the formerly friendly Hittites, then the Greeks and Romans, were replaced by the Byzantines.
However, there was a period of greatness and full nationalindependence, thanks to which Armenia on the world map took an important place. This was made possible by one of the greatest princes in the history of the country. In his reign, Western Armenia began to include part of the lands of eastern Anatolia. The Tigran the Great brought glory to the Armenian people, who conquered huge lands outside the habitual habitat. He also built the city of Tigranakert, the black basalt walls of which have survived to this day.
The Great Section and Borders of Armenia
Being in the very center of the Near East, Armenia does notcould not become an arena of struggle between the greatest states of antiquity. In the lv n. e. Between the Eastern Roman Empire and Sasanid Iran there was a war, as a result of which the western part of historical Armenia departed from Byzantium, and the eastern part belonged to Persia.
For a long time, until the Turkic conquest, Armenians occupied an important place in the administrative elite of Byzantium, and about thirty sovereigns out of fifty were Armenians.
The borders of Armenia in this period were brought into line with the administrative requirements of the empire, and the country was divided into many small regions, Fem.
Armenian Genocide in Western Armenia
European politicians raised the issue of the situationArmenian minority in the Ottoman Empire since the XlX century. This was due to the desire of the last sultans to direct the aggression of the masses against Armenians, instead of seriously taking up the modernization of the state system.
The first mass killings of Armenians began inlast quarter of the nineteenth century and covered the entire territory of Western Armenia, where Armenians at that time constituted a majority or had a significant representation. Most researchers are convinced that such massacres would not have been possible without the connivance of the government of the Golden Port.
Sensing impunity and lack ofresistance from Europeans, the Ottoman government continued persecutions against Armenians and mass persecutions of other minorities, such as the Assyrians and Kurds. Two decades later, these persecutions will result in mass executions of Armenians under the control of civil servants. In many countries, these events will be called genocide, with which modern Turkey categorically does not agree.
Woodrow Wilson and the dreams of the revival of independence
After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Firstworld war began an active division of the state that was falling apart. With the support of the British forces achieved their independence, many Arab countries, as well as the Slavic peoples of the Balkans, and some parts of the Turkish state it was occupied by the French and British.
At one of the American peace conferencesPresident Woodrow Wilson proposed the creation of an independent state of the Armenian people, to which the lands from the Syrian border to the Black Sea along with the city of Trabzon on its coast had to depart. If this happened, Armenia would look different on the world map than it is now. In this case, the country would have access to the sea, which is now deprived.
However, all these plans broke down on the might of the emerging Turkish Republic, and Western Armenia never gained independence.</ p>