The analysis of the poem "The Prophet" by Lermontov begins withwhat we learn about the time of its creation. It was written in 1841. The poem is considered one of the most recent creations of the genius. We can say that the "Prophet" is a certain testament of the poet, his farewell.
The poem was published only after the death of the author. Nevertheless, it is a landmark for Mikhail Yurievich.
In his work, the poet tried to reflect his whole life path. Lermontov's poem "The Prophet" is often compared with the analysis of a similar "Prophet" by Pushkin.
Let's consider a genre accessory andcompositional construction of the poem. It relies on the biblical text and gravitates to a genre like the legend. An important difference from the work of Pushkin is that he chose the book of the Prophet Isaiah, and Lermontov chose the book of the prophet Jeremiah.
Composition of the same poems alsois subjected to comparison. The thing is that Pushkin has a movement from the lower to the higher: first, "the desert is gloomy," and then the way to people with hope. At Lermontov, on the contrary: first enthusiasm, love and truth, and then escape from the city with ash on his head.
The analysis of the poem "The Prophet" impliesthe consideration of the ideological and artistic content of the work, which ends in an address drawn up in the form of direct speech. This is a kind of call "old people" for the younger generation, children who must renounce the prophet and in no case follow him.
Now let's talk about the basic ideas of the poem. The main thing here is the theme of the poet and poetry. You should pay attention to the image of the desert. It has two semantic features:
1) the space that opposes the city, the population of people and the whole world, which is created by man;
2) a large and open space, which symbolizes the vastness.
It was not for nothing that the desert quenched the prophet's thirst. Here he gets what was missing in city life - communication. Among people and city bustle, no one listened to him, and now even the stars heed him. The solitude of the poet is opposed to unity with the universe.
A detailed analysis of the poem "The Prophet" requiresconsideration and artistic features. Widely used here is the biblical vocabulary, as well as Slavicisms. Let us give examples of such words: the creature of the earth, the eyes, the prophet, the head, the covenant, etc. The poet uses epithets belonging to a high style, for example, God's food, eternal judgment, pure teachings and others. What is interesting is that Mikhail Yurievich also uses satire and irony. He paints an aggressive crowd that does not recognize the prophet and drives him. The line "the elders say" with a proud smile "is repeated in both the final quatrains.
Because of this stylistic heterogeneity, Lermontov divides the poem into stanzas. It represents seven quatrains, each of which conveys a certain stage in the development of the storyline.
As for the verse size, here we find a combination of a tetrameter iambic and pyrrhic.
Lermontov sums up all his creativity,own life. He touches upon the tragic fate of the poet-prophet, his existence in the world. Mikhail Y. - one of the few classics who laid the foundation for a correct understanding of the mission of the poet and the whole art.
The analysis of the poem "The Prophet" is over.</ p>