Good condition of the musculoskeletal systemis considered the guarantee of the health of the whole organism. One of the dangerous pathologies of bones is a disease such as osteoporosis. What is it and how to fight it? Our article will tell about this. Also, the extent of the disease, prevention and treatment methods are described.

Osteoporosis - Causes and Symptoms

Disease of bone tissue, in whichthere is increased brittle bone fragility, called osteoporosis. In such patients, even minor injuries can cause fractures of the bones. Most of this disease affects women, as osteoporosis is rapidly developing when hormonal imbalance in the climacteric period. This is not only a lack of calcium in the body, but also the malfunctioning of building bone cells. Women in the menopause should carefully consider the intake of various hormonal drugs. All of them should be prescribed by a doctor after a preliminary examination, since many synthetic corticosteroids adversely affect the composition of bones and lead to the development of osteoporosis.

what is osteoporosis?
In addition, this disease develops whenproblems with digestion, with prolonged smoking, drinking alcohol, metabolic disorders and the corresponding heredity. Also one of the reasons is a sedentary lifestyle, a lack of vitamin D and age-related changes in bone tissue. Many live with the symptoms of the disease for many years and do not even suspect that they have such a disease as osteoporosis. What it is? And how to determine its development? The first signal about the progression of the disease will be frequent fractures of bones. But the correct diagnosis of the patient can be made only after X-ray examinations and special tests, such as, for example, densitometry.
osteoporosis causes

Degrees of osteoporosis

It is very important to identify the disease at the primarystages to prevent its further development. There are three degrees of the disease "osteoporosis". What is this, we will tell here in more detail. Most often, the disease affects a single department of the musculoskeletal system. So, at the first degree, the X-ray shows the onset of bone tissue destruction, depletion of the bone bars. The second degree is characterized by severe osteoporosis, which is accompanied by a constant aching pain, which gives back to the departments of the spinal column and the region of the lower limbs. At this degree bone bones are significantly depleted, grease is lost, large areas are found with a lack of bone tissue. The third stage is the heaviest, accompanied by constant sharp pains. In this case, almost all bones of the skeleton are affected by osteoporosis - huge cavities are formed in them and there is a complete absence of bone beams.

degree of osteoporosis

Prevention and treatment

A very dangerous disease is osteoporosis. What it is, you need to know everyone, especially the female half of humanity, as proper prevention and control of your health will help to avoid major health problems in old age. Necessarily people of any age should lead an active lifestyle, follow a proper and balanced diet, consume extra vitamins. In the fight against osteoporosis, medicinal treatment is used: these are various drugs that inhibit the destruction of bone tissue and stimulate its formation.

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