The so-called intestinal flu, or rotavirusinfection is a very common disease, especially among children. Treatment and symptoms of rotavirus infection depend on the general condition and in many respects on the age and weight of the patient. If for an adult this disease is rarely dangerous, then among young children there are quite a few cases of severe course of this disease. This is due to the fact that children develop faster dehydration, which is the greatest threat in most intestinal disorders. The disease is caused by rotavirus - an RNA-containing virus that parasitizes a person. Similar viruses exist in animals, but for humans they are not dangerous. Infection with rotavirus can occur in different ways: through food, most often through dairy products, and among children, especially younger children, the most common way is fecal-oral, when the kids touch the common toys with dirty hands, and then others take them in the mouth . Unlike most other intestinal infections, rotavirus infection is most common in the cold season.
The flow, treatment and symptoms of rotavirus infection
The disease develops within a week ofthe moment of infection, most often, 2-3 days. The virus affects the cells of the mucosa of the upper gastrointestinal tract, which are subsequently replaced by immature and unable to cope with their functions to the proper degree, resulting in signs of rotavirus infection - fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, severe diarrhea. The most characteristic sign of intestinal flu is a characteristic stool of clay-like consistency without inclusions of blood and mucus with a characteristic odor. There may also be signs of a cold. The main thing at this time is to put the right diagnosis and to schedule adequate treatment on time, and the symptoms of rotavirus infection will soon become less pronounced.
Treatment, as in most cases of viralof infections, simtomatic, that is, in the first place, it is necessary to fight the consequences of the disease, namely, with dehydration and intoxication with the products of the vital activity of viruses. During the whole period of the disease it is necessary to observe a strict diet consisting of pure weak broths, porridges on the water (rice should be preferred), compote from dried fruits, dried white bread, dried. Dairy products in any form are necessarily excluded. After the treatment is prescribed, and the symptoms of rotavirus infection become less pronounced, you can gradually introduce oatmeal and buckwheat porridge, vegetable purees, eggs, tea, chopped boiled meat. Do not be afraid to salt foods - salt delays fluid in the body and prevents dehydration. It is desirable to use large quantities of mineral water without gas, it is possible with a high concentration of minerals.
To prevent dehydration,Enterosorbents, such as activated carbon, Smekta, Enterosgel. In a number of cases, preparations are prescribed for patients with dehydration, for example, "Regidron". It is possible to use bacterial preparations like "bifidumbacterin" or "Linex" for the speedy normalization of microflora and the functioning of the intestine.
Because the disease in some cases throughsome time is returned, the diet after rotavirus infection should be as gentle as possible and in no case do not contain dairy products. Also for a while you will have to exclude fried, fatty, spicy, some vegetables, for example, cabbage, beans, chocolate. Adults will have to give up alcohol for a while.</ p>