Atherosclerosis is commonly called chronicVascular disease, characterized by the formation of atherosclerotic deposits on the walls of the vessels, which in turn are the cause of the violation of blood circulation and lead to the defeat of internal organs. For the development of atherosclerosis, a simultaneous combination of several factors is necessary: chronic diseases, metabolic disorders, bad habits, age and some others.
What is obliterating vascular atherosclerosis?
Atherosclerosis, whose treatment is oftenis wrong, refers to the category of degenerative diseases of blood vessels, this means that in the walls of the vessels foci of resolution are formed (connective tissue germinates, fat settles). Such sites are called atherosclerotic plaques, they are the reason for the narrowing of the vessels in atherosclerosis. The causes of this disease are called risk factors, which means that they increase the risk of atherosclerosis in the vessels. Factors are divided into two groups: variable and unchangeable.
The main risk factors for the development of atherosclerosis
Unchangeable factors include those reasons,which can not be changed with the help of medical influence: age, gender (up to 50 years in men the risk of atherosclerosis is much higher), genetic predisposition. In turn, the changing risk factors include those that can be eliminated through treatment activities or by normalizing the way of life of a person. Such factors are: smoking, obesity, hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes mellitus, violation of lipid metabolism, malnutrition and some infections.
Symptoms of atherosclerosis
Initially, atherosclerosis can not do anything by itselfto show, and the main symptomatology makes itself felt only when the narrowing of the arteries begins to progress. Symptoms of atherosclerosis are quite diverse and mainly depend on the degree and place of the vessel's lesion. Most often, several arteries are affected at the same time, and therefore the symptoms of the disease will mean that the blood flow is disturbed in different parts of the body. The most frequent symptom of atherosclerosis is the "intermittent claudication syndrome", it manifests itself as a pain in the leg muscles while walking, and is a serious signal to consult a doctor.
The main causes of the onset and treatment of vascular arteriosclerosis?
Knowing the causes of this disease in many wayshelps reduce the risk of disease and cure atherosclerosis. Treatment often begins with elimination of risk factors and normalization of a way of life, the patient is recommended to play sports, refuse bad habits and proper nutrition. Treatment of chronic diseases is also of great importance, their correction can greatly facilitate the development of the disease.
Obliterating atherosclerosis. Treatment is medicamentous and surgical.
Treatment of atherosclerosis in many respects depends on thathow much the arteries are narrowed and what distance the patient can go without pain. Most often, drugs are prescribed that prevent the appearance of new blood clots in the arteries, such as Plavix and Aspirin. Often medicamentally, it is possible to completely defeat obliterating atherosclerosis. Treatment often includes fibrates, statins, sequesters of bile acids and preparations of nicotinic acid. Surgical treatment will be shown if the blood circulation in the arteries is not restored by medication. The type of operation will largely depend on the degree and nature of the disease. In the first case, blood is sent to the bypasses bypassing the obstructed vessels, in the second - the lumen of the vessel is restored, due to which the blood flow improves.
The prevalence of atherosclerosis is soIt is great that in the whole world it has long been perceived as inevitable. Nevertheless, many experts believe that now there is an opportunity to defeat atherosclerosis. Treatment and prevention of this disease should, in the first place, begin with the normalization of lifestyle, observance of rest and nutrition, only in this case the effect will be guaranteed.</ p>