The system of constitutional law of the Russian Federation is sufficientcomplex, structured, dynamic complex. It has its own laws, features of functioning and construction. In its most general form, the system of constitutional law of Russia is viewed as a specific entity consisting of three elements. These components are independent, but are in close communication with each other. Thus, the system of constitutional law includes principles, norms and institutions.
Under the principles of understanding the fundamental basis. These foundations are approved in the Constitution of the country. Chapter 1 reflects the principles that determine the essence of the state, the position of the individual in it, acts in accordance with which economic relations are carried out. In addition, in this section the procedure for the use of people's resources is fixed, the foundations of the political structure in society are established.
Basics, which contains the system of constitutionalrights - this is the primary regulatory framework for consolidating the remaining provisions in the Basic Law, the entire structure of the existing legislation of the country, as well as other normative acts of the state. Other provisions are focused on further development, as well as the specification of the foundations. So, in them the competence of bodies of state power, the order according to which it is necessary to carry out acceptance of imperious individual and general normative acts is fixed. In addition, the duties and rights of citizens and other entities are established, and legal and other guarantees are determined on the basis of which the principles on which the system of constitutional law is based are implemented.
At the same time, none of the existingexisting norms, regardless of where it is fixed, can not contradict the primary normative base of the Basic Law. If any provisions are found to be inconsistent with constitutional norms, these provisions lose their force and are recognized as unconstitutional. Similarly, they should not contradict the principles of decision and action of state bodies, citizens, officials and associations.
When applicable laws or other regulatoryacts do not contain the necessary provisions or they contradict the Basic Law, citizens have the right to exercise their rights in accordance with the foundations forming the constitutional order. These principles, in turn, include three groups of norms.
The first group includes acts regulatingactivity of the state, state bodies. The second category includes provisions defining the legal status of the individual in the state. The third group includes the norms fixing the legal force of the Basic Law and the procedure, according to which changes are made to it.
In accordance with the fundamentals formingconstitutional system, the form of the Russian Federation as a state is fixed, the source of state power, methods of realizing democracy, the spatial limits of the operation of the country's sovereignty are determined. In addition, the principles are formulated, according to which the federal structure is determined, the authorities are divided into judicial, executive and legislative, and certain bodies that implement government power are established. On the basis of Article 7, social policy in the state acquires the status of a constitutional framework that guarantees the free development and dignified life of every citizen, regardless of the type of his activity.
At the same time, the state does not have a singledomination of the political structure of society. In accordance with the fundamentals, which includes the system of the constitutional law of the country, political and ideological diversity, including the multi-party system, is consolidated.</ p>