Tosol is the most famousdomestic antifreeze for car cooling systems. When choosing this substance, it is necessary to evaluate a number of its parameters. First of all, this is the quality of the product that is on sale. From this will depend on the correct operation of the car's systems, their durability.
The density of antifreeze is one of the most importantcharacteristics, which allows you to assess the customer performance. After all, the compliance of antifreeze with modern requirements is a guarantee of the correct operation of all mechanisms.
General characteristics and composition
To understand how to measure the toxol density andantifreeze, you need to understand their characteristics and definition. The substance presented is necessary for cooling the motor in the summer and protecting it from mechanical damage in the winter.
The name of the antifreeze is based on the abbreviation. TOC - technology of organic synthesis. The last two letters of the name denote the belonging of the substance to the group of alcohols, which, as you know, end with "ol".
The basis of antifreeze is glycol ether. The composition includes about 10 different additives. Thanks to this antifreeze is not amenable to frost or heat, does not boil and does not foam. Special additives eliminate the impact on the materials of the mechanisms, so that they become not subject to corrosion. Tosol can be stored and operated for a long time due to its special composition.
What characterizes the density?
Density of antifreeze can tell a lot about the state of thissubstances during operation. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly check it. This indicator is influenced by several main factors. First of all, this is the composition and formulation of the production of antifreeze. Each manufacturer applies a certain technology in the manufacture of its refrigerant.
The second important factor is the numberand a set of additives. These components improve the performance of the antifreeze and additionally protect the systems and mechanisms from premature wear. In the manufacturing process, technologists use a certain set of these additional components. They are clearly balanced. Some of them are incompatible and depend on the operating conditions of the equipment.
The last important factor that affectsthe density of the antifreeze, is the amount of monoethylene glycol in it. All these features affect the heat capacity and thermal conductivity. If the density of the antifreeze changes, this can lead to unfortunate consequences.
How to measure density yourself?
Considering how to check the density of antifreeze,should pay attention to the most simple ways. Special equipment helps to measure for any liquid. This device is called a hydrometer. It is easy to use. In this case, only a few simple actions are performed.
Initially, open the bonnet cover. Next, you need to find an expansion tank, in which the antifreeze is located. Its lid is opened. A hydrometer takes the required amount of antifreeze. For this, the pipette is lowered into the coolant and the substance is taken into the flask. The float must be balanced at the same time.
On the hydrometer scale, the indicatorconcentration of antifreeze. Further, the result is compared with the nominal value indicated by the manufacturer. In some cases, the density may be lower or higher than claimed. This can also be affected by the amount of water in the solution.
Result of measurement
Now you know how to check the toxol density with a hydrometer, now you need to understand the result.
If the density of the substance in the measurement is underestimated, it means that the composition of the antifreeze includes a large amount of water. The range of operating temperatures in this case is reduced in tosola. This is a negative trend.
Increased concentration indicates a decreaseproperties of cooling and lubrication mechanisms. Because of this, they wear out quickly. Therefore, it is necessary to compare the nominal density declared on the package with the hydrometer readings. If necessary, it is corrected.
One of the most popular types of presentedthe substance is a tosol brand A-40 or A-40M. This coolant is used in a relatively warm climate, where the temperature in winter does not drop below -38 ° C. Among motorists of our country, it is widely believed that the density of the antifreeze A-40 is 1.075 g / cm³. At the same time, about 44% of water and 56% of ethylene glycol (or higher) are present in the mixture.
The density index depends on the temperature atwhich was measured. Standards set the permissible rate of this value at the level of 1,065-1,085 g / cm³. The ambient temperature should be at + 20 ° C.
If the number obtained during the measurements is notcorresponds to this indicator, it can be leveled. To do this, a little old antifreeze is blended and a water or concentrate of antifreeze is added to the total mixture.
Knowing how thick the tosola is at the momentaffects the systems of the car, as well as what is the normative value of this indicator, you can avoid premature repair or breakdown of the machine. Over time, the antifreeze ages. Its service life depends on the quality of the antifreeze and the mileage of the car.
If the density of the mixture is low, in solutionthere is a lot of water. It degrades the effect of additives and provokes the formation of corrosion. This leads to a rapid destruction of the surfaces of the mechanisms. In this case, the liquid becomes rusty. Regardless of the life span of such a substance, it should immediately be replaced with a new antifreeze agent.
How to change the antifreeze
If you measured the density of antifreeze, evaluated itvisual characteristics and established the need to replace this substance, it is necessary to conduct a special procedure. The engine is warmed up for 5 minutes. The heater valve in the passenger compartment must be open. After the engine has stopped, the old antifreeze is drained, and pure water is poured in place of it. You can then use a special agent for washing. It is used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Through the drain plug, which is located in the radiator, the water is removed from the system. Washing is done until the liquid is clean. After that you can pour in a new antifreeze.
Having studied what is meant byToxol content, one can understand the importance of its measurement. This indicator will allow you to assess the correctness of the entire system and prevent its breakdown.</ p>