Writers and scholars, rebels and kings, generalsand urban planners - famous people of France have done a lot to develop not only their country, but the whole world. We all know who Jules Verne, Jacques Cousteau, Alexandre Dumas is ... We will complete this list with the names of several other significant figures who deserve no less admiration.
Honore de Balzac
This famous French writer was born in May1799 in Tours. The particle "de" to his name Balzac added himself, because he claimed a noble lineage (although his parents were peasants). Honore studied at Vendome College from 1806 to 1813, and completed his studies in Paris and Tours. At first, the young man worked in the judiciary office, but the post of the clerk did not satisfy him. Since 1819, he decided to go on a free voyage and began to create. At first he published novels of a clearly commercial plan (under a pseudonym). A significant role in the life of Balzac was played by his connection with Madame de Bernie - an attractive woman of forty-five years. These feelings spiritually enriched the young writer.
The first creation, produced by Balzac under his ownname - the novel "The Last Shuang" (1829). After that, they started talking about Honor. The writer tried to portray the social side of his homeland. In addition, he was distinguished by the desire to diagnose the society and offer an effective mixture for the treatment of all his ailments. This goal is a red thread through all the works of the master, occupying a central place in the "Philosophical sketches." It is noteworthy that the writer was interested in the rich and famous Frenchmen, and not the working people. Balzac was even proud of how well he knew the upper world.
Many famous people of France glorified the countryon the world cinematographic arena. However, the brightest star in this area is most recognized by Jean-Paul Belmondo. He was born in Paris in 1933, his father was a famous sculptor. The young man went to learn all the subtleties of acting in the Conservatory of Dramatic Art, but was dissatisfied with the time spent in this school. The problem was the training system, which Jean-Paul considered simply obsolete.
Initially Belmondo took part in theatricalentreprises. He first appeared on the screen in the film "About Moliere and his plays," but the real debut of the actor is the tape "Sunday. We will steal. " The picture came out on a wide screen in 1957. During this period, Belmondo was actively offered work not only at home, but also abroad, in particular in the US and Italy.
The zenith of the actor's fame came in the 1970s. Due to the uncommon gift of reincarnation, Jean-Paul was brilliant in such films as "Magnificent" (1973) and "Monster" (1976). The most significant work of the eighties was "Marginal" (1983). As a born accomplice, Belmondo enjoys the entertainment of the public and demonstrates his athletic abilities, but intellectual cinema brings him no less pleasure.
Many famous people of France began to buildHis career is not in the field that they would like. So Jules Verne, who studied jurisprudence, decided to turn off the beaten track to do what he liked. In 1850, a young writer began to make his first steps to fame: his play "Broken Straws", staged at the "Historical Theater" by Alexandre Dumas, was received by the audience very favorably. The success of the novel "Five Weeks in a Balloon" (the cycle "Unusual Journeys") inspired Vern for further work in this manner. The writer more and more liked to describe the scientific miracles that were born in his imagination.
Jules Verne is the author of more than seventy novels. It is he who, at first seemed incredible, predicted the creation of an aqualung, a submarine, television, about flights into space.
Charles de Gaulle
What famous people in France influenced the developmentstate? Of course, politics. One of the most successful - Charles de Gaulle - the first president and founder of the Fifth Republic. In the years of his reign (1959-1969), a new version of the Constitution was adopted and the powers of the head of state were significantly expanded. He seriously engaged in the implementation of plans to build his own nuclear weapons of the country, developed Soviet-French cooperation and initiated withdrawal from NATO.
As de Gaulle himself noted, the formation ofthe views of such outstanding personalities as Charles Pegi (poet, publicist), Maurice Barres (writer), Emil Butrus and Henri Bergson (philosophers) greatly influenced the world outlook.
During World War II, de Gaulle's life changeddrastically. First, he broke the peace treaty with fascist Germany and went to England to organize a struggle for the liberation of his country. In exile, he founded the association "Free France" and called on his compatriots not to surrender in the struggle for independence from the aggressor.
In the conduct of foreign policy, Charles de Gaulle adhered to the idea of national greatness of his state. As for domestic policy, much less attention was paid to it.
Alexander Dumas the elder
Many great people of France were known far awayoutside the homeland. The same can be said about the brilliant writer Alexander Dumas. His adventure novels were read by the whole world. In addition, he was a journalist and playwright. Children's years, adolescence and youth of Dumas were held in Villiers-Cauterets. Thanks to the good reputation and aristocratic connections of his parents, Alexander managed to obtain a post in the Paris office of the Duke of Orleans. The first historical and journalistic essay was a work called "Gaul and France" (the year of writing - 1833).
Alexander Dumas, Jr.
This person occupies a special place in the list"Outstanding people of France." The illegitimate son of Alexandre Dumas the elder became the most famous playwright. His mother was a dressmaker. Although thanks to the support of his father, the boy did not need, his entire childhood was imbued with a feeling of inferiority. After personal experiences will be reflected in several of his works. The master of the word managed to make the French drama a powerful tool for influencing the society. He did not hesitate to declaratively express his thoughts in long forewords to his own plays, acting as a moral arbiter.
One of Dumas's most popular works is "Moneyquestion". In it, he ridicules the shameless nouveaux riches. The author highlights the painful subject of illegitimate children in a play called "Illegitimate Son" and in the drama "The Prodigal". In the work "Claude's Wife" Dumas even managed to substantiate the moral right of her husband to murder the unfaithful wife.
Joan of Arc
Some people who glorified France were not afraideven die for their ideas. The famous Orleans maiden became a notorious innocent victim of political disagreements. A girl from a poor peasant family became the leader of her compatriots against the invaders-Englishmen. In 1429 she managed to free from the siege of Orleans. In May 1430, she was captured by the enemy.
On January 9, 1431, she was forced to appearbefore the court of the Inquisition. Accused of heresy and witchcraft, Jeanne was sentenced to be burned alive. In May 1920, thanks to the efforts of the Catholic Church, the Maid of Orleans was ranked among the saints.
This is the most famous Frenchman who explored the World Ocean. In addition, Cousteau was a talented photographer, writer, inventor and director.
Thanks to the joint work with Emil Gagnan, Jacques-Yves managed to realize the idea of an adaptation that allows him to stay under water for a long time-aqualung.
Father Cousteau studied jurisprudence in the French capital. At one time he was the youngest doctor of law in the country. His wife was Elizabeth Duranton. Soon after the marriage they had a son. The boy was named Pierre-Antoine. His brother, Jacques-Yves, was born four years later. The future researcher was interested in the depths of the sea from early childhood. Life of Cousteau was interrupted due to myocardial infarction. Jacques-Yves preferred to call himself an oceanographic technician. The last years of the researcher were overshadowed by litigation with his own son for the right to use the name of Cousteau, at that time already a brand.
Not all the knownFrench people. A great contribution to the development of the country was made by such geniuses as Pierre Curie, Jean Baptiste Lamarque, Gilbert Lafayette, Claude Lelouch, Henri Matisse, Molière, Claude Monet, Guy de Maupassant, André Maurois, Margarita Navarre, Louis Pasteur and many others.</ p>