In the modern world, more and morepopularity is won by the aquarium. This quite interesting piece of interior can be found not only in large-sized apartments and offices, but also in rather more modest rooms or offices.
What is the reason for this unprecedented demand? It is rather difficult to single out any one factor. However, first of all, aquarium fish among amateurs are appreciated due to their unpretentiousness to the stern and the extraordinary ability to have a soothing effect even on the most excited person.
Who lives now in the average aquarium? As a rule, these are catfish, guppies and neon. Care and maintenance does not require special skill.
This article is aimed at introducingreaders with, perhaps, one of the most mobile species. So, the fish is neon. What do we know about it? Unfortunately, not so much. But in vain. This inhabitant of the underwater world is quite interesting, and you can actually talk about it for an infinitely long time.
By the way, according to experts, if you onlydecided to tackle aquaristics, remember, what you need is a neon fish. The content and care will be easy, and the experience while you will get almost priceless.
General information about fish
Neon aquarium, like almost all fish,Living in apartments and offices, have a prototype, massively inhabiting the wild. In this case, the natural environment can serve as streams and rivers of Brazil, Peru, Colombia and South America.
In places where neon fish are found, as a rule,very soft and clean water, which is abundantly saturated with substances released by fallen trees. Accordingly, in house or office aquariums it is recommended to create similar conditions.
Neons, compatibility of which with other species,as a rule, does not cause much trouble, - these are small and fairly peaceful inhabitants of the underwater world, having bright attractive color, green-blue eyes and transparent fins. They are very quick and swim in groups closer to the bottom. Fish are maximally grown in an aquarium of up to 4 cm. Their feature can be the presence of a brilliant blue strip passing through the whole body.
In aquariums can contain red, black and blue fish of this species.
Neons. Care and maintenance. How to properly prepare water and soil?
These fish live well in aquariums completelydifferent volumes. The water temperature can be in the range from 18 to 28 ° C, but the most suitable in the ideal should not be heated above 20-24 ° C. In such conditions, neons can live in the aquarium for almost 4 years. At a higher temperature they will quickly grow old and, accordingly, will please owners much less.
Neons, the care and maintenance of which does not implythe presence of any additional skills, is not particularly demanding on the composition of water and the amount of oxygen in it, but it is still best to apply soft peat water.
Favorably affect the presence of a large number of fish a large number of living plants.
From purely aesthetic considerations in aquariums, it is better to use a dark primer, as against its background the neon has a better color.
Under conditions of poor maintenance and stress due to transplants and transport, fish can become completely discolored.
Combine fish without problems
Specialists say that neon can notcontain in the same aquarium together with aggressive fish species, since they risk almost immediately being eaten. In small aquariums, they can not be kept together with goldfish.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that neons are schooling fish, so it is necessary to buy them at least 4 pieces.
In case of air saturation of water for this species, it is not necessary to create its flow, but it is better to use a special atomizer that creates the smallest bubbles.
We feed our pets correctly
Neon does not need to be fed with any special food, any fodder, like frozen or dry, or live, will do.
By the way, the feed should be small, becausethe fish is small, and this, accordingly, means that it can easily choke large. Types of feed should also be periodically changed, and once a week it is necessary to do neon fasting day.
In addition, fish do not need to be fed constantly with live bloodworms - they are very prone to obesity.
Neon - fish, the reproduction of which does not cause unnecessary trouble
Just note, the breeding of neon is quite complicatedoccupation. Experts argue that an inexperienced person can not even distinguish the sex of fish, because the differences between male and female individuals are not very obvious.
The male is slightly smaller than the female, and the female, in turn, has a more full belly. There is also a difference in their neon strip: in the male it is practically flat, and in the female it is somewhat curved in the middle.
At spawning fish put group. For reproduction, purified distilled soft water is used with the addition of decoction of cones or oak. The water temperature should be at 22-24 ° C and diffuse light. In hard water, fish are not fertilized.
Spawning usually happens in the morning, after that the fish are taken to the aquarium, and the light is completely removed from the spawning grounds, because the neon caviar does not tolerate it categorically.
For spawning it is necessary to prepare a substrate. To do this, you can put a clean bundle of fishing line or a bundle of willow roots in the spawning ground and fix it with glass weights.
During the spawning period, the neon, whose care and maintenancerequire special attention, can lay aside almost 200 eggs. One and a half days later, larvae form from the caviar, and in five days the larvae will turn into fry. After that, you need to return the light to the aquarium.
Fry must be fed with the smallest food, and as it grows, gradually add more hard water.
What are they sick of?
Neon - fish, the reproduction of which occurs several times a year, succumb to all types of both contagious and non-contagious diseases.
In general, they do not tolerate stress, unsatisfactory living conditions and lack of a schooling type of life.
It is worth to be careful, because your pets may well become ill with plastophorosis, unfortunately, an incurable disease that only their kind is exposed to.
Purely externally, this species is slightly larger than usual representatives and grows to a length of 4.5 cm. It has a slightly elongated body and a bright, broad red coloration on the entire belly.
The conditions of detention are the same as forordinary neon. But it is desirable to change water every two weeks. They are not very sensitive to fluctuations in water temperature and transplantation. In captivity, they hardly breed.
The spawning conditions are identical, as for the usual type of neon. The female can postpone for spawning up to 160 eggs, although, of course, the fry will appear far from all.
The size of this type of neon is the same with the parametersordinary neon, but black has an excellent coloring. According to the shape of the body, it looks like a red neon, but has an olive-brown back, and along its body stretches a brilliant neon golden-green strip. Below the main neon strip is another one - with an uneven bottom edge.
The conditions of reproduction and content are the same asfor red neon, but it is worth noting that black neons are less demanding, so they are more suitable for beginners aquarists. Subsequently, it will be quite possible to have more capricious and capricious species.</ p>