Microliths in the kidneys are small stones, precursors of urolithiasis.
In urinary organs, smallstones, which nevertheless give quite palpable pain. This disease can occur in people of all ages - in children, in adults, and in the elderly. In the last decade, urolithiasis has become a fairly common disease, which is likely due to the influence of adverse environmental factors.
Causes of kidney stones
The main cause of kidney stonesis a violation of the body's metabolism. Such a disturbance leads to the formation of special insoluble salts, the main culprits for the appearance of microliths in the kidneys. The chemical composition of stones and microliths of the kidneys differ. Among them there are oxalates and phosphates, and urates, etc. But it can be safely asserted that even if there is an inherent predisposition to stone formation, this disease does not threaten you if there is not one of the factors available to it.
Predisposing factors of the disease
- climatic. The climatic factor assumes a constant habitat in a hot climate. Because of the heat, a person sweats much more than usual, which increases the concentration of salts in the body, which leads to increased stone formation;
- Geographical. The geographic factor includes, in particular, the composition of the terrain water, since hard water containing a high concentration of calcium salts will contribute to urolithiasis. The composition of food also belongs to the same factor, since the consumption of acidic and spicy food contributes to the formation of stones. In addition, there are geographical areas that are deprived of ultraviolet rays, which affects the development of the disease;
- diseases. To diseases it is possible to attribute, first of all, an avitaminosis. Patients with bone diseases such as osteomyelitis and osteoporosis are also prone to urolithiasis. Diseases of the intestines and stomach, such as gastritis, peptic ulcer and colitis, can lead to the fact that the patient is formed not only microliths in the kidneys, but also full-bodied stones. To diseases that promote stone formation, of course, include kidney disease, as well as all other organs of the genitourinary system;
- Lifestyle. A sedentary lifestyle or sedentary work can cause a disruption of phosphorus-calcium metabolism, which directly leads to urolithiasis.
Symptoms of the disease
It is necessary to say that microliths in the kidneys do not manifest themselves in any way, but full-length stones more than four millimeters in diameter can already lead to quite strong pain sensations.
Urolithiasis is manifested with aching pains ina loin, blood in the urine, as well as the possible appearance of stones in the urine. The pains are mostly aching and blunt, but in a number of cases they can be sharp. In addition, the pain in the body is almost always directly related to changes in the position of the body.
Treatment of the disease
What should be done ifThe patient was found not full-fledged stones, but microliths in the kidneys? Treatment in this case is almost not made, it is enough to be observed at the urologist once a year, passing the planned ultrasound. Also, the excretion of microlites is promoted by consuming one liter of water, tea or other fasting drinks on a daily basis.
With the treatment of full-blown kidney stones,only a urologist who leads the patient. Depending on the course of the disease, both conservative treatment and surgical intervention are possible. In addition, all patients with urolithiasis must follow a special diet that promotes the rapid removal of stones from the body.</ p>