Vulvovaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina and vulva. It is more common in women in menopause and girls, but also in reproductive age.
The cause of vulvovaginitis may be non-compliancepersonal hygiene, unprotected sex, genital injuries, decreased immunity, hormonal changes, antibiotic use, diabetes mellitus, worm infestations, wearing synthetic and tight underwear, general diseases, allergies. Symptoms of this ailment are:
- burning, swelling and itching of the genitals;
- discharge with odor;
- pain during sex;
- frequent urination with cuts;
- soreness in the lower abdomen;
- temperature is possible.
If vulvovaginitis is suspected, treatment is necessarybegin immediately. It can not be assigned on its own. It is necessary to go to a consultation with a gynecologist who will take the necessary tests and carry out an examination.
Specialist in the complaints of the patient and the type of her sexualbodies can diagnose vulvovaginal, treatment should be appointed after determining the causative agent of the disease. It can be an STD or a commonplace flora. Quite often, vulvovaginal candidiasis caused by fungi is diagnosed.
Necessary to be sown withantibioticogram. These analyzes allow not only to determine the pathogenic microorganism and its concentration, but also to choose the drug to which it is sensitive. A very accurate study is PCR diagnosis, which is now being used more often.
In addition, it is very important to establish the root cause,which caused vulvovaginitis. Treatment includes its elimination, alleviating the symptoms of the disease, fighting the pathogen, taking anti-inflammatory drugs and restoring the vaginal microflora.
For the duration of therapy it is necessary to stop the sexual life until full recovery. In addition, you need to examine and, if necessary, treat a partner.
If therapy is not performed in a timely manner, thenacute vulvovaginitis becomes chronic. It is characterized by the same symptoms, only less pronounced. Timely detected acute vulvovaginitis is well treatable, in contrast to its chronic form.
Treatment of vulvovaginitis in children and adultsincludes the sanitation of genital organs. It is necessary to wash out the decoction of sage, chamomile, you can use a solution of potassium permanganate. Adding a mint broth will reduce pain.
Should be washed at least three times a day. If there is purulent discharge, then it is necessary to perform syringing with decoctions of herbs and disinfectants. However, it should be no more than 4 days, since douches prevent the restoration of normal acidity and microflora of the vagina. For children, trays are used.
Quite often, antibacterial drugs are used topically. It is expedient to prescribe vitamins. Sometimes use antiallergic and antifungal agents.
If vulvovaginitis is diagnosed, how to treatdisease, can only be determined by a qualified gynecologist. In this case, he will take into account the age, neglect of the disease, individual characteristics.
In girls with prolonged chronicvulvovaginitis can be formed adhesions of the labia. They will further complicate the sexual life, and with time to prevent urination. This can lead to cystitis.
Chronic vulvovaginitis with timecontributes to the emergence of kraurosis of the vulva. In this case, the tissues of the genital organs become dense, erosions and cracks appear on them. As a result, a secondary infection may occur and even develop cancer.
Chronic vulvovaginitis - the focus of infection in the body. It undermines immunity, increases susceptibility to pathogenic influences.
Thus, if there is a suspicion of vulvovaginitis, the treatment is prescribed by the doctor. Only a qualified specialist can correctly diagnose and conduct therapy.</ p>