Bacterial vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina,which can arise due to the ingress of mucosal viruses, pathogenic bacteria and yeast fungi. Vaginitis can occur as a result of a decrease in immunity after the disease, antibiotic intake, or in the virulence of microflora, which usually occurs in the sexual organs of girls.
Recently, bacterial vaginitisthe leading place among all gynecological and obstetrical diseases. Among its pathogens, microorganisms are distinguished: ureaplasma, toxoplasma, chlamydia, mycoplasma, E. coli, Candida fungus, streptococci and staphylococci.
The reproductive system of women is constructed in such a way,which protects the body from the introduction of foreign bacteria and maintains the natural balance of bacteria in the microflora of the vagina. In addition, nature provided for its self-cleaning system, which also performs a protective function. However, all these protection systems sometimes weaken, and there are many situations that lead to this.
- Reception of antibacterial drugs.
- Hormonal disorders
- Treatment with cytostatic medicines
- Violations of the structure of the genital organs
- Diseases of the blood
- Violation of the functions of the immune system
Varieties of bacterial vaginitis
Gynecologists bacterial vaginitis is divided into trichomonas and candidiasis. It depends on the course of the disease, its nature, symptoms and causes.
Trichomonal vaginitis is caused by a bacteriumTrichomona, it occurs more often than other similar infections that are transmitted sexually. Every third woman got sick with this disease. Trichomonal vaginitis can suffer not only they, but also men. In women, bacterial vaginitis of this type affects the mucous membrane of the vagina, and in men - the prostate gland and seminal vesicles. Infection occurs during sexual contact with an infected partner without the use of condoms. It is in women who have more than two sexual partners, trichomonas vaginitis occurs more often.
The incubation period of the infection is 10-15 days, afterwhich a woman notices the appearance of grayish-yellow liquid secretions that have an unpleasant smell. The mucous membrane is affected, irritation, burning and itching appear. When the urine gets on the surface of the vagina, the burning sensation intensifies. All manifestations of vaginitis several times increase over several days after menstruation.
Candida vaginitis is the most commonamong all others. 90% of women of different ages face this disease. The development of this type of vaginitis causes Candida fungus. This fungus lives in the woman's vagina, and sometimes, under the influence of unfavorable factors, it begins to grow and increase in quantity, which leads to the development of yeast candidiasis.
Any qualified person with easediagnoses this disease. In women who suffer from candidal vaginitis, there are abundant white, thick discharge, having a sour smell. The manifestation of infection is significantly increased by exposure to high temperatures - when taking a hot bath, bath, sauna or after a hot day.
With frequent infection with an infection, it grows into achronic vaginitis, which can worsen or subside for months or even years. In this case, the pain is almost not felt, in the vaginal area there are only abundant discharge, burning, itching and sores. The symptoms of chronic vaginitis may worsen after the bacterial and viral infections, alcohol consumption, during pregnancy or menstruation.
Treatment of bacterial vaginitis
When diagnosing a bacterial diseaseVaginitis treatment is prescribed only by a gynecologist. In no case do you need to self-medicate. Your attending physician will prescribe the necessary medications and will observe you until complete recovery. In the treatment of infection requires the participation of both sex partners, as well as restrictions in sex for the period of treatment. If you refuse to have sexual intercourse, there is no desire or opportunity - you need to protect yourself using a condom.
An important stage in the treatment of bacterial vaginitis is the treatment of all associated diseases, as well as the restoration of immune system disorders.</ p>