The tablets "Euphyllin" areadenosinergic, and their synonyms are "Aminophylline-Eskom", "Aminophylline", "Eufillin-Darnitsa." The main active substance in this preparation is euphyllin, and the auxiliary substances are stearic acid and potato starch.
"Eufillin": description of the preparation
This drug has an effect on differentorganism's functions. Euphyllin stimulates the central nervous system, increases the contractile function of the myocardium, extends the renal, coronary and peripheral vessels, helps to reduce the pressure in the pulmonary artery system, and it significantly increases the renal blood flow. Also tablets "Eufillin" have a moderate diuretic effect, inhibit the aggregation of platelets, inhibit the release of mast cells provocateurs of allergy. There is a decrease in the contractile activity of smooth muscles, and therefore the bronchi are relaxed and bronchospasm is removed. This drug is well absorbed, and its maximum concentration in the blood comes within two hours after ingestion, but at the same time it is also rapidly metabolized in the liver, where inactive metabolites are formed. About 10% of the drug taken is excreted unchanged with urine.
"Eufillin" tablets: indications for prescription
This drug is intended for use inthe presence of bronchospasm and bronchial asthma, cardiac asthma, hypertension, which occurs in the small circle of blood circulation, if the attacks are accompanied by bronchospasm and Cheyne-Stokes breathing disorders. They are also used in cases of need for improvement of cerebral circulation and for the relief of cerebral vascular cerebral crises, they reduce intracranial pressure and cerebral edema that occur with ischemic strokes or if chronic cerebral blood supply deficiency occurs.
"Eufillin" tablets: instruction for the use of the drug
The drug is taken orally, only aftermeal, from one to three times a day, for adults the dose is 0.15 grams. A single dose for an adult patient can not exceed 0.5 g. For children, the dose of the drug taken is reduced to 7-10 mg / kg and is administered for 4 doses throughout the day. For children at a time, a single dose can not be higher than 7 mg / kg.
If the insufficient activity of biotransformation enzyme systems of the liver in patients after 55 years of age and in newborns, then the drug "Eufillin" is appointed very carefully.
Side effects that cause tablets "Eufillin"
If you allow reception of the specified meanson an empty stomach, then there may be dyspeptic phenomena that are associated with the irritating property of the drug. Also, if there is a high sensitivity to ethylenediamine, exfoliative dermatitis or a febrile reaction of the body may occur.
Contraindications for use
The use of this drug is contraindicated whenepilepsy, severe hypotension, extrasystole and paroxysmal tachycardia. Do not take the pill "Eufillin" in the presence of heart failure, especially if it is associated with myocardial infarction, as well as when there is a violation of the heart rhythm or coronary insufficiency.
Overdose with the drug "Eufillin"
When an overdose of this drug occursthere are symptoms such as diarrhea, epigastric pain, anorexia, gastrointestinal bleeding, nausea, anxiety, tachycardia, generalized convulsions, ventricular arrhythmias, facial hyperemia, vomiting, insomnia, hypnosis and photophobia.
In these cases it is necessary to immediatelystop the use of the drug "Eufillin" and begin to stimulate its removal from the body, for which it is necessary to rinse the stomach, perform forced diuresis, hemosorption, plasmosorption, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and then symptomatic treatment.</ p>