According to statistical data, the pathology of the endocrinecharacter "are gaining momentum," and in recent years, newly detected diseases have been detected in 52% of women and 17% of men. The main purpose of the thyroid gland is to maintain normal processes in the cells of the body. Hormones, which it produces, take part in all processes.
As can be seen from the statistics, diseases are more commonthyroid gland in women. Symptoms of the disease are as numerous as those conditions that lead to its development. Most diseases of the endocrine system combines common causes.
Causes of the disease
- Lack or excess (to a lesser extent) of iodine in the body.
- Adverse environmental factors are the effects of toxins and radiation.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Possible adverse effects of antibodies against the thyroid gland.
- Autoimmune processes (immune factor, causing tissue damage).
- Disorders (dysfunction) of the endocrine and nervous system.
- Violations caused by medication or surgery.
Quite often in thyroid diseasewomen symptoms at the first stage of the disease remain unnoticed due to the similarity with other, less dangerous ailments. And the fact that the body was subjected to the process of hormonal imbalance, a person already knows by obvious (visible) signs, when the disease began to progress.
Symptoms of the disease
The main, initial symptoms are:
- Hoarseness of voice, pain in throat and cough.
- Frequent colds and fluctuating (irregular) temperature.
- Discomfort when wearing clothes "with a neck".
- Irritability and nervousness.
- Sweating at any temperature.
- Violations of the rhythm of the heartbeat (bradycardia or rapid pulse).
- Respiratory problems.
- Difficult swallowing, a feeling of presence of a lump in the throat.
- Enlargement of lymph nodes.
- Weight jumps (typical for women).
Ignoring the initial symptoms is fraught with consequences, since during this time thyroid dysfunction in women can develop. This is due to the violation of the regulation of physical processes in the cells of the body, when hormones can not cope with their task (regulation).
Due to endocrine disruption in the glandthere is the production of it or too much hormone, or insufficient. The cause can be the pathology of the pituitary gland - the endocrine gland located in the brain. With thyroid disease in women, the symptoms of its dysfunction are very characteristic:
- bulging eyes;
- anxiety and weight loss;
- sweating and intolerance to heat.
All these symptoms are caused by excessive endocrine activity with the production of excessive amounts of hormones, which is characteristic of the diagnosis of "hyperthyroidism".
Hypothyroidism is characterized by a deficiency of endocrine activity, as a result of which the production of hormones is inadequate. This leads to:
- to rapid fatigue;
- weight gain;
- brittle nails and hair loss;
- depression and intolerance to cold;
- decreased sexual desire.
Endocrine dysfunction is mainly affected by middle-aged women.
Diseases of the thyroid gland in women whose symptoms are described above, as well as a lack of iodine in the body, can cause the fetus to develop hypoplasia of the thyroid gland.
If the child has:
- physiological jaundice after birth;
- if the child is weak, there is lethargy and poor appetite;
- characteristic constipation and hoarse voice;
- lag in development, speech defects and apparent "cretinism".
This indicates the consequences of congenitaldiseases - hypoplasia. Underdeveloped gland tissues do not cope with their vital function. Hypoplasia of the thyroid gland (in women and men) is characterized by the presence of hyperthyroidism, when the gland functions are significantly reduced.</ p>