The existence of the state and society is impossiblewithout the existence of legal norms. They are contained in regulatory legal acts, the maintenance of which is simply mandatory for all, regardless of any factors. Otherwise, the state would simply not exist.
On legal norms a certain number offunctions, and if to speak in general terms, then there are two large groups into which the functions of law are divided: these are legal and social. Each of them includes subgroups, and, to be more specific, directly the functions themselves performed by the rules of law. Let's take a closer look at each of them.
Basic functions of law
If we talk about the very concept of this legalterm, it represents a certain legal influence on the relations that have developed in the social strata. The main goal pursued by the functions of law is the regulation, improvement and ordering of these relations.
Legal functions of law
Regulatory. This function is all possibleprotection and legislative regulation of all relations that have developed in the society that can arise between its individuals. It is carried out by lawmaking, that is, the creation by authorized bodies of legislative acts, the norms of which are universally binding - they must be observed by everyone.
The protective. Safety function, as is already clear from the veryits name, is designed to protect those norms that were previously adopted by the legislative authorities of the state. As a rule, this function is assigned to law enforcement agencies, such as: the prosecutor's office, police, security services and others. In addition, the protective function of law is designed and coerced by all persons who are subjects of law, to the performance of lawful acts, compliance with applicable state law and so on.
Educational. As for the essence of this function, it consists in the proper impact on the level of behavior of individuals in society, the quality of their legal education, as well as on the consciousness of these same units of society.
Social functions of law
Humanistic. It is to guarantee a humane attitudeto all individuals of a particular society, regardless of their sexual, religious, racial or other affiliation, as well as other characteristics peculiar to specific people.
Informational. This function, first of all, provides forthe creation of various ways and means through which information of a legal nature could be conveyed to all sectors of society. The tools used to perform this function of law can serve well-known to all media: print, television and radio communications, the Internet. However, the first place among these is taken by normative legal acts, since they are the primary sources of legal information.
Ideological and educational. In other words, this is the creation of necessary conditionsfor the formation of a certain legal ideology that provides for respect for the rights of other individuals in society, as well as compliance with established legislative requirements.
Thus, it is easy to understand thatthe existence in the state of legal norms and the law as a whole is simply a vital necessity for every member of society. That is why all necessary conditions must be created in it to ensure that all possible functions of law are fully implemented. However, we all perfectly understand that this is impossible without the legal consciousness of the members of society, therefore one of the main functions of law, perhaps, is the educational one.</ p>