Every year, about a hundredbillion tons of resources, including fuel, ninety billion of which later turn into waste. Therefore, the issue of resource-saving has become very relevant these days. If at the beginning of the last century only twenty chemical elements of Mendeleyev's table were used, then in our time - more than ninety. Over the past four decades, resource consumption has increased twenty-five times, and the amount of production waste has increased by a factor of 100.
Rational use of natural resources -this is the most important problem of modern society. The development of progress in science and technology is accompanied by a negative impact on nature. Natural conditions - this is something that a person can not influence, as an example here you can bring the climate. Natural resources are phenomena of nature or objects used to meet the material needs of society or for production, contributing to the creation and maintenance of the conditions necessary for the existence of mankind, and also to improve the standard of living.
Rational use of natural resourcesis a consequence of their reasonable study, which prevents the possibility of harmful consequences of the activity of the person himself, raises and maintains the productivity of natural complexes and objects of nature. The resources of nature can be divided into several basic types: practically inexhaustible (atmospheric air, solar energy, terrestrial heat, etc.), renewable (vegetative, soil), non-renewable (habitat, natural resources, river energy, etc.).
Rational use of natural resourcesrenewable type should be based on a balanced expenditure, as well as renewal, which provides for their reproduction. Their reserves are usually recovered faster than they are used. Rational use of natural resources of non-renewable type should be based on economical and integrated extraction and consumption, as well as on the disposal of all kinds of waste. Natural resources can also be divided into potential and real. Potential resources are involved in economic turnover, while real resources are actively used. Unfortunately, today there is a problem of depletion of natural resources. Their level is reduced to the point where it becomes insufficient for a person. In connection with the depletion of natural resources, their further development becomes more economical and environmentally unreasonable. With uncontrolled use, some types of resources may disappear, and the process of their self-renewal will cease. The time to restore some of them is several hundred or even thousands of years.
Any human intervention entailsThe destruction of unity between nature and man. The further existence of life on Earth will depend directly on the growth of production, which in turn depends on the depletion of the resources of nature. Therefore, natural resources and their rational use must be under the strict control of all mankind as a whole. It is necessary to rationally use natural resources, prevent possible harmful consequences of human activity, maintain and increase the productivity of both individual objects of nature and natural complexes in general.
The correct application of natural resources isthe choice of a more appropriate option for achieving an economic, social, environmental effect in the use of natural resources. Of particular relevance is their integrated use, which implies the use of low-waste and non-waste technologies, the use of secondary resources repeatedly. At the same time, raw materials are saved and pollution of the environment is prevented by production products.</ p>