State secrets are nothing butinformation in the field of foreign-policy, intelligence, operational-search, economic, military activities of the state, the dissemination of which may harm the security of the country. Disclosure of it is unacceptable. The Law on State Secrets provides for serious legal responsibility for the dissemination of information included in its composition.
In general, information pertaining to state secrets can be divided into several categories. Here are these categories:
- economy and foreign policy;
- operatively-search, counterintelligence, reconnaissance activity;
- Technology, science, economics.
Also, division is also based on the degreesecrecy of information. The degree is established depending on what damage can be done to the country in the event that the state secret is disclosed. There are three degrees of danger. They correspond to the vultures:
- top secret;
- of special importance;
There are information that can not be classified. They include information:
- on the state of sanitation, culture, demography, health, crime, ecology;
- about the state of health of the country's top officials;
- on foreign exchange reserves, as well as on the gold reserve;
- facts of violation of freedoms and rights of people and citizens;
- about disasters, natural disasters and other phenomena that threaten people's lives;
- about privileges, social payments and guarantees provided by the state to certain groups of persons;
- violation of laws by state authorities, as well as by their officials.
Access to state secrets is available inorder. Its forms: the first, the second, and also the third. The first form includes information of special importance, to the second - secret information, to the third - top secret.
Access of the highest degree of secrecy - access toto all other levels. It must be issued at the place of service by authorized persons or bodies. As a rule, the design is preceded by a series of special checks. First of all, candidates for admission are asked to fill out questionnaires. Important points:
- Stay abroad;
- Relatives in other countries;
- previous convictions;
- military service;
- previous conviction of close relatives.
Most often, access can not be obtained due to:
- medical contraindications to a particular job;
- previous convictions (not only one's own, but also relatives);
- providing false information;
- improper level of intelligence;
- unsuccessful passage of the test for physical fitness.
State secrets are protected by law, andDisclosure of her is punished seriously. The state is interested in its non-disclosure, which means it is ready to apply the strictest measures to violators of the law. The main responsibility is criminal. In general, it is possible not only criminal, but also civil law, and administrative, and disciplinary responsibility.
If the state secret is disclosed - the personcan be accused of high treason. In this case, imprisonment up to twenty years is possible. At the same time, a large fine is imposed on him (up to five hundred thousand). A similar punishment will be imposed for espionage. The divulging of civil secrets, which is not related to either crime, can be the cause of the conviction for seven years. The loss of documents that contain state secrets may result in deprivation of liberty for three years.
Disclosure of sensitive information is a seriousa crime. A person brought to criminal responsibility for divulging secrets of state significance is unlikely to be able to receive responsible work after serving his sentence. Career will be spoiled very much.</ p>