The concept of thinking is very deep and multifaceted. At first glance, this term can be used to represent a particular mental process or activity associated with the analysis or synthesis of something. However, there are several varieties of thinking, and each of them has its own characteristics and characteristics. So, the ability to transform information about real objects into signs, then to perform certain manipulations with these symbols and eventually to apply the previously thought-out decision in practice is nothing more than abstract thinking. In other words, it is the ability to separate the properties of an object from the object itself. For example, this mental process is used to solve a problem using a drawing: the person reads the text, transfers the values ​​to paper, ponders the solution, looks at the images, and answers the question.

Abstract thinking begins to develop inchildhood, a sign of its formation is the child's ability to see in the object some extraneous properties. For example, the shape of the puddles on the road reminds the animal, the shape of the building elements - figures, clouds - incredible fairy-tale characters. The development of this type of mental activity contributes to the formation of the creative and intellectual abilities of the child. So, practically all mathematicians, composers, scientists, writers or directors think in this way.

Like most human skills,abstract thinking can be developed. It is noteworthy that teaching the speculative process often takes place in the form of a game, which, of course, is liked by children. In particular, you can invite a child to play in the association: to name or show the subject and ask him to tell what he looks like. Also an excellent way to develop this kind of thinking is the shadow theater, because the shadow is a true abstraction, giving the chance to fantasize and think a lot.

People with a well-developed speculative thinking are able to see the situation from different points of view, think through detailed and deep conclusions, and completely immerse themselves in the area under study.

However, for a high level of intelligence,to master and other types of mental activity. From the above, it follows that abstract thinking develops mental (inner) speech, which can be very deep. But most often in the head there are separate phrases or only words that conclude a fairly broad definition. And for the formation of oral speech (external), it is necessary to build clear sentences, logically and grammatically related. So, it is the ability to transform thoughts into a full speech called the term "verbal thinking".

Without superfluous explanations it is quite clear that a largevocabulary, coherent speech and the ability to present interesting thoughts are mandatory criteria for developed intelligence. In other words, the formation of verbal thinking is an indispensable stage in the development of modern man. It is necessary to improve external speech from childhood, for this it is recommended that the child should recite the story he has read or heard, express his opinion about a certain situation, events, etc.

Another important mental process -mathematical thinking. It is formed in the process of studying the queen of sciences - mathematics, which the name actually testifies to. The mathematical style of thinking promotes the development of laconicism (the desire to find the shortest path leading to the goal), the structuredness and clarity of actions and actions, scrupulousness, accuracy and punctuality.

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