There is a concept of "man" in psychology, meaningwhich is that a person is a living being, who has the ability to speak articulately, create something and use the results of his work. A person has consciousness, and consciousness directed at himself is the self-concept of personality. It is a mobile system for evaluating in oneself its intellectual, physical and other qualities, that is, self-esteem under the influence of certain factors during life. The personality of a person is subject to internal fluctuations and affects all life manifestations from early childhood to extreme old age.

I the concept of personality
Today, as a basis for considering the systemSelf-evaluation of personality takes the theory of the personality of Rogers. The essence of this theory can be regarded as a mechanism of consciousness reflexively working under the influence of culture, one's own and others' behavior. That is, in simple terms, a person evaluates this or that situation, other people and themselves. Evaluation of himself encourages him to a certain behavior and forms the self-concept.

One of the central concepts in psychologyis the self-concept of personality, although there is still no single terminology and definition. Sam Carl Ransom Rogers believed that his method is effective in dealing with a variety of psychotypes and is suitable for working with people of different cultures, professions, religions. Rogers formed his point of view on the basis of his own experience with his clients who have any emotional problems.

I-concept of personality is a kind of structure, the top of which is The Global I, representing the sense of continuity of oneself and the realization of one's own uniqueness. Parallel Global Self goes The image of I, which is divided into modalities:

personality theory

  1. The Real Self - this is a person's realization of what he really is, that is, understanding his psychological features, status, role.
  2. The Mirror Self - this is a person's realization of what he is seen by others.
  3. The Perfect Self - a person's idea of ​​what he would like to be.

Such a structure is applicable only in theory, onpractice is all much more complicated, because all components are intertwined. In fact, the self-concept of personality is a mobile self-adjustment system, which, in turn, has its own structure:

  1. Cognitive - cognitive processes of human consciousness.
  2. Affective - a short-term emotional process, which is intense and manifested physically.
  3. Activity is any meaningful activity of a person.

concept of man in psychology
Cognitive and affective attitudes areThree modalities, such as realizing oneself, realizing oneself desirable and representing oneself through the eyes of others, and each of these three modalities encompasses the mental, emotional, social and physical components.

Development of the I-concept is developed on the basis ofpersonal characteristics of the individual, as well as under the influence of communication with other individuals. In fact, the I-concept plays a role in achieving internal coherence of the individual, interprets experience and is a factor of expectations. The functional of this structure is the self-consciousness of man.

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