The nature of each person consists ofnumerous psychological features. Self-consciousness of a person consists in a systematic analysis of individual processes within oneself, their connection with their own actions. This explains the ability to see oneself from the outside, to notice those features that I would like to correct or, on the contrary, strengthen.
Many scientists devoted the life of the conceptself-knowledge, in which the object of study is the subject himself, wishing to comprehend his essence. A difficult and confusing way leads to a solution of one's own psychological structure.
According to the theory of B.G. Ananyev's self-consciousness of the personality arises at a time when the child understands his actions, and develops to a natural level of self-esteem. The first is the physical I, in time - the spiritual Self.
Over the years, self-consciousness performs a function of mental autoregulation in relation to others and to oneself in daily activities.
A person lives in harmony with himself, as long as whathe wants to see himself, coincides with what he is in reality. If there is a difference in appearance and actions from the desired model, then there are problems with the psyche, caused by internal contradictions.
Self-consciousness of personality can be revealed in the notion "I- concept "from the psychologists U. Thomas and F. Znaniecki. This includes all the qualities of his character that a person realizes, as well as his place in the society, what he does and what he can do in the future.
In this case, the individual is able to evaluate his owncognitive, emotional and behavioral system. As a result, it becomes clear to a person why he thinks this way, and not in another way; why does he feel specific emotions in the current situation; than dictated by his actions.
For example, self-awareness of personality can be observed inthe moment when the subject rejoices at the failure of a neighbor, but the feeling is uncomfortable for him. He realizes his unnaturalness, irrelevance under the circumstances.
I-concept is considered as the manifestation of three modalities
- Ideal I is an installation,received in the process of education and life experience, about the perfect model of man. It is important to consider that the position of an individual may differ from the generally accepted rules. For example, a thief wants to be like a criminal authority.
- The Mirror Self is a combination of attitudes in which a person has his own personal opinion of how he is seen by others.
- The real I is embedded in the genetic code, is responsible for a person's abilities, status, possible roles in life and in society.
Self-consciousness is a system of psychological analysis, where the three modalities are further divided into four equal aspects: physical, mental, social and emotional.
From the I-concept all aspects of human existence depend, so it is so valuable to study it, to develop correction techniques.
Self-esteem is a subjective category
Particular attention of psychologists is advised to draw on thatemotional zone of the self-concept, where self-awareness and self-esteem of a person are examined. Most scientists point out that a positive outlook on oneself is the basis for realizing abilities in the professional sphere. Increasing self-esteem is often necessary to achieve success in social activities and in family life.
Objectively determine the overestimated or underestimatedthe level of self-esteem of the person can only be a qualified specialist. Practitioners of psychologists do not tend to focus on the client's self-esteem. People with a high opinion of their abilities are more likely to endure difficulties and stresses. There are many methods aimed at the formation of a positive self concept.</ p>