Each capital has unique recognizableAttractions, according to which they instantly determine which city they are talking about. In the main city of Russia it is Pashkov's house. In Moscow, so called a building immortalized in world literature by Mikhail Afanasievich Bulgakov, from the belvedere of which, at sunset, Woland and Azazello examined the beauty of Moscow and said goodbye to her forever.
Who was the man who gave the name to the architectural masterpiece
"It is not in vain that Bulgakov set his heroes to the heroes,Well, no, not in the house, but on the roof (Then in Moscow he was all taller ...) ". One of the most beautiful buildings named the brilliant author of the "Master and Margarita" Pashkov House in Moscow, built to order "the first Russian vodka king, Pashkov Peter Egorovich, ambitious and foolish (scandalous with neighbors) rights.
One of the cities on seven hills
In the world there are more than a dozen cities locatedon the same number of hills, including Rome, Constantinople and Washington. The names of the Moscow hills excite the imagination - Vorobyovy Gory, Lefortovo Hill, Zayauzie. Vagankovsky Hill, which crowns one of Moscow's most outstanding sights since 1784, is now united with the Presnya area and is called the "Three Mountains".
The very center of the capital
The genius of architecture
Who in those days could be the author of such a masterpiece,as Pashkov's house in Moscow? The architect Vasily Bazhenov (1738-1799), the first vice-president of the Imperial Academy of Arts, a man whose merits to Russian architecture can not be overestimated. Suffice it to call the palace ensemble in Tsaritsyno, which he built for 10 years, and Pashkov's house in Moscow to understand the scale of this genius of classicism.
The top of creativity
Especially good is his Moscow masterpiece. The castle-fairy tale, according to experts, created on Vagankovskom hill Bazhenov. Pashkov House in Moscow admires all connoisseurs of architecture not only with its unique beauty, but also with the "perfect, perfect balance of all parts in a single structure". So wrote the connoisseur and connoisseur of architecture I. Grabar. And not only he believes that the academician of architecture Vasily Bazhenov created a handsome palace, looking upwards, reminiscent of a monumental sculpture on a pedestal. Pashkov House in Moscow, whose style is classicism, has become a symbol of this direction in Russia. Located to the surrounding streets at an angle, the house looks better at some distance, for example, from the point at the very beginning of the odd side of the Volkhonka.
The best angles
If you look at a house from afar, you can trace ita single composite solution - the pillars of the fence continues the staircase and columns of the facade, the circular terrace wraps around the top a graceful silhouette of the walls above which the colonnade of the belvedere rises. In some sources it is said that the original color of the walls was orange. This architectural masterpiece of quite a large size gives the impression of an air striving up the castle.
The house was so good, and represented for Moscowsuch a value that after the fire of 1812, which did not pass the Pashkov Palace, funds for its restoration, despite the fabulous wealth of the owners, were allocated from the state treasury. The palace was a Moscow miracle - to its beauty were added festive fireworks and illuminations, arranged in honor of the frequent receptions given by the owners. Exotic birds sitting in expensive cages or walking in the park, increased the fabulous impression that Pashkov's house produced in Moscow. The photos in the article show the palace in different angles, and it is clear how good it is.
From hand to hand
Somehow it's a shame to read that some experts doubt the authorship of Bazhenov.
The last mistress of the house from the Pashkov family in 1839it was bought out by the state treasury for university needs. But in the following times the handsome man continued to change the owners. So, already in 1843, it comfortably settled the University noble board, which, in turn, was transformed into the Moscow Nobility Institute, later in 1852 - to the city gymnasium No. 4. In 1861 Pashkov House was transferred to the Rumyantsev Museum.
The birth of "Leninka"
A place favorable for the birth of legends
With the change of so many owners Pashkov's house in Moscow,the architecture of which provides for a lot of secret and mysterious corners, over the years it has become legendary. Not only the palace, but the entire Vagankovsky Hill is full of mysterious voids, grottoes, underground caves, and, most importantly, under Pashkov's house was discovered a huge, diameter of 8 meters, laid out with white stone, a well. Where he leads, it is impossible to say, because the studies were not completed due to the collapsed walls of the well and fear of collapse of the foundation of the building. And it is quite natural that an assumption arose (it was expressed, for example, by the archaeologist I. Ya. Stelletsky) that it is here that the famous Liberia can be kept - the so-called Library of Ivan the Terrible. Why not, because there are about 60 presumed places to store the legendary library, which was a dowry of the Byzantine princess Sophia Palaeologus, who became the wife of Ivan III.
No worse than in English castles
After the restoration, which ended in 2009, in the right wing of the mansion there is a repository of ancient manuscripts, and in the left there is a music library.
Excursions to the house-legend
They say that the entrance to the "underground Moscow", wherekept the state treasury in case of fires, so often devastated the medieval capital, was located on the Vagankovskom hill. Well, where else was Woland to throw a farewell glance at Moscow? Pashkov's house is unique in all respects in Moscow. Tours on it shed light on many issues of interest to tourists from around the world, and give them the opportunity to enjoy the most beautiful view of the Kremlin. Excursions are very informative and are conducted daily. The gathering place, as a rule, is located in front of the Kutafia Tower of the Kremlin or at the monument to F. Dostoyevsky, or at the exit from the metro "Library im. Lenin. " Excursions are conducted by professionals, several directions - from the interior and decoration of the palace to the theme of Woland, that is, everything mystical that is connected with the most beautiful and mysterious building in Moscow - Pashkov's house.</ p>