People's wisdom says: "In Russia, two ills - fools and roads." Agree or not with this popular expression is the personal choice of everyone. But hardly anyone will argue with the fact that without good autobahns in the future such a huge country simply can not exist. It is the roads, or, as they are currently called, the federal routes, unite the fantastically huge territory of Russia into a single whole.
From Russian History
The existing road network in the country todaywas formed over several centuries, as the territorial expansion of the Russian Empire. The development of transport infrastructure continues to this day. And only clinical optimists can express satisfaction with its results. A significant part of the roads in Russia does not correspond to the level necessary for the country's successful development.
The first toll road in Russia
Positive experience in construction andThe exploitation of modern highways has already been achieved. The toll road in Russia already exists, it is the federal highway M-4 "Don", leading from the capital to the city of Rostov-on-Don and further towards the North Caucasus. This highway is characterized by a large volume of both freight and passenger traffic. For the time being, only four plots are paid for in its entirety. But this is, as they say, a pilot project. All paid sections on the federal highway M-4 "Don" have alternative variants of traffic between their initial and final points. The presence of duplicate routes is a mandatory requirement in deciding whether to transfer a particular road to the paid category.
Unification of the road network
The basis of the modern road network in Russiaconstitute federal routes. These highways connect the capital of the country with all regional administrative centers. Their financing is made at the expense of the federal budget. The rest of the road network is ranked by regional and local status. The system of federal roads is an important component of the overall technological infrastructure that provides communication between parts of a single country.
Road construction requires significantinvestment. There is no objection to the simple fact that the kilometer of a modern multi-lane freeway is very expensive. But to this we have to add more and inevitable costs for the development of roadside infrastructure - bridges, overpasses, multi-level interchanges, lateral driveways and parking. To find in a short time the necessary financial resources for the construction of modern highways will help only the introduction of a system of fees for the use of roads throughout Russia. In this case, the construction of roads is financed by everyone who travels through them.
Complexity of construction of transportinfrastructure and maintenance of its efficiency at the required level is greatly exacerbated by the low temperatures that are typical for most of the Russian territory.
Of the features of national psychology
It's no secret that the very phrase "paidroad in Russia "causes a sharp negative reaction among a large part of its population.The people who have got used to traveling on the roads for free for centuries are very difficult to convince that between the lack of payment and the traditional view of Russian roads, as the worst on the planet, there is the most direct interconnection That the only chance to gradually bring the country's road network in line with generally accepted world standards is to introduce a fare for the most important highways.
For all the uniqueness of Russia with its boundlessgeographical expanses, this is not the first country in the world that faces the need to find financial resources for the modernization and construction of road infrastructure. And the whole world experience of road construction makes it possible to draw a completely unambiguous conclusion that good roads exist first of all where they have to pay for their travel.
The process went
The system of toll roads in Russia already exists. In addition to the four paid sites on the federal highway M-4 "Don" from September 11, 2015, the section of the M-11 route from the Moscow ring road to Sheremetyevo became paid. The length of the paid section of the route is 43 kilometers. In the same year, a section of the Western High-Speed Diameter near St. Petersburg became paid. Toll roads in Russia for trucks appeared on November 15, 2015. This date marked the beginning of an irreversible process in the sphere of heavy-duty vehicles.