Karnak Temple - the greatest architecturalthe construction of the ancient world. The temple in Karnak, or rather, its complex, includes several buildings that have been erected over many centuries by many pharaohs. The temple served as the most basic sanctuary in ancient Egypt throughout the history of the great New Kingdom.
Famous Karnak temple - a large templea complex consisting of 33 different halls and temples. Once the alley of massive sphinxes with rams' heads connected the Luxor and Karnak Temples, creating a corridor of Light. Karnak Temple in Luxor is the largest museum in the world, which is located in the open air.
The most outstanding builders of the Karnak temple are Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Thutmose I, Libyan kings of the 22nd dynasty, Ramesses I, II and III and Ptolemies who ruled Egypt before the arrival of the Romans.
The temple in Karnak was erected not only as aThe Divine House, but it was also intended for the secret initiation of the neophytes. It contains 3 parts dedicated to different people: the first - Amonu-Ra, the second - to Queen Mut (wife of Amon-Ra), the third - to their son Khonus, who is a lunar deity. The most impressive place in the Temple is the column hall named after Pharaoh Seti I. This real forest of mighty pillars is completely covered with bas-reliefs. They once supported the gigantic vault, the flat tops of all these columns could accommodate 50 people. A total of 134 columns, their height - 16 meters each, from top to bottom painted with beautiful colored bas-reliefs. The columns are arranged in 16 rows, forming a sacred corridor. As the "Temple of Annals," as well as their riddles, which was to be guessed by all the initiates, the temple in Karnak represented a kind of labyrinth of time.
The ancient saying says that numbers governworld, and the figures control the destinies. The central courtyard of the temple in Karnak is oriented towards Sirius, and here the central axis is on the mark of the winter solstice. In a dark sanctuary, the Karnak temple holds a cult statue of Sekhmet - the goddess of war.
The woman-pharaoh Hatshepsut erected "Redsanctuary "in Karnak for the ceremonial rook of the famous god Amun. And under the order of this queen the huge granite pink obelisks were installed, in the temple of Amun the VIII pylon was erected, the sanctuary of Amun was built, and the temple of the goddess Mut, the wife of Amon, was expanded considerably.
Karnak temple at the far end of its main axisopens the view of the column hall of the festivities of his builder Thutmose III. It was built as a tribute to heb-sedu - a holiday that was celebrated with pomp of the Pharaohs in the 30th year of their reign, and then every subsequent 3 years of the reign. The majestic columns of the hall in the form of painted huge poles have no analogues in various Egyptian architecture. To the side of this hall there is a small room, on the walls of which there are scenes of Thutmose III's offering to numerous ancestors.
Closer to the middle of the church there are pylons,which shows its boundaries in the old days. Now you can even see the famous court of the great Amenhotep III, but only in the form of one lonely obelisk located near the 3rd pylon.
Preserved in this territory is a sacred symbolAncient Egypt - a beetle, which is located on the shore of a small pond ablution - Sacred Lake. It is on top of a massive column. The Egyptians considered this beetle sacred, therefore they called Hepri ("self-arising"). The lake in ancient times served for mysteries, then on it passed the golden boat of Amun and the large boats of his retinue.
Karnak temple is closely connected with the history of the wholehumanity, it conveys the spirit of its contradiction and conveys to us signs and symbols covered in the mystery of the past. Having been here, you can feel the presence of pharaohs who ruled many, many centuries ago, and plunge into the most interesting history of Ancient times.</ p>