Ancient Greek Athena - the goddess of war, wisdom, crafts, knowledge and arts. Such a spectrum is determined by the nature and activity attributed to the deity of the Hellenes.
The goddess of war is different in character from Ares,who also patronizes the battles. The latter embodies ill-considered aggression and unreasonable courage, while Athena is associated with strategic planning. She is also called the goddess of a just war. In contrast to Aphrodite - the embodiment of femininity and love - the patroness of battles has the features of masculinity. Athena helped her fans in a difficult moment - thanks to the right strategy, they managed to overcome the most serious difficulties, to defeat the enemies. Therefore, Nika (Victory) became a frequent companion of the goddess.
According to the legend, for the right to give his name to the capitalHellas fought two contenders: Poseidon (patron of the seas and oceans) and the goddess Athena. Photo archaeological finds and other evidence indicate that in ancient times the city was an architectural masterpiece: white stone palaces, giant stadiums and carved churches. God Poseidon promised that the Greeks would never need water if they called the capital by his name. And the patroness of wisdom offered the Hellenes the eternal wealth of food and money and presented a seedling of olives to the townspeople. The Greeks made their choice, and today the capital of Greece bears the name of the goddess, and the olive tree is considered its sacred symbol.
The supreme deity of Greek mythology is acceptedconsider Zeus, but the cult of Athena echoes with the more ancient period of Hellenic history - matriarchy. Therefore, the goddess can be considered close to Zeus in importance or even equal to him.</ p>