In general terms about the natural areas of Germany,France, the United States of America or the Russian Federation, perhaps any average student can tell, guided by the knowledge gained in the lessons of geography or natural history.
It will not be difficult to answer this question for a frequent traveler, who is able to comprehend the delights of the landscape with his own eyes, and draw some conclusions independently.
However, the topic is more complicated and much more complete than it might seem at first glance, which means that it requires detailed consideration with specific examples.
This article not only tells about naturalzone of Germany, but will also expand on each of them, revealing the features and differences. The reader will learn more about the flora and fauna of a large European state, as well as get acquainted with the climate, relief and natural resources.
Section 1. General definition of the concept
So, from a scientific point of view, natural zonesrepresent some parts of the earth's surface, which differ from each other in several indicators - climate, relief and various hydrological conditions. In addition, here you can also include the types of soil, local vegetation and, of course, the fauna characteristic of the territory.
Let's return directly to this state and talk in more detail about the natural zones of Germany. A list compiled on the basis of data processed by specialists can be as follows:
- zone of mixed forests;
- zone of deciduous forests;
- zone of high polarity.
Starting from this list, let's try to discuss each zone in detail.
Section 2. Climatic features of the state
If we talk briefly about the natural zones of Germany,it can be noted that on average, winters are not very cold here, however, the so-called degree of severity of the coldest season of the year is the stronger, the farther away from the sea is one or another locality in the country.
In the central region in mid-summer temperaturescan reach twenty degrees with a plus, but in winter it certainly goes down to zero. Strong temperature changes by local residents are rarely felt, since mountains prevent the penetration of cold northern winds.
Snow in winter and rain all the rest of the year -frequent visitors. Sometimes precipitation is so severe that in some parts of the country it is necessary to introduce a state of emergency in order to eliminate the consequences of the raging elements.
Section 3. Features of the relief of Germany
Being in the center of Europe, the state is not offendednor the mountains (the Alps proudly rise on a significant part of its territory), nor with swampy, but picturesque marshes, or bewitching coasts, or delightful bays.
The natural zones of Germany are represented by twoseas: the Baltic and the North. It should be noted that the coastline is quite long. However, there is no need to think about any kind of integrity or homogeneity. In some places, it can be relatively flat, and in others, the spirit directly captures from perfectly towering cliffs rising above the water surface.
Yet more than a quarter of the territory of Germany is occupied by forests. The most extensive forest range is the Bavarian. By the way, it is the largest in Europe.
Approximately the same amount of land occupied by cultivated land.
There are not so many large rivers in the state, only two: the Danube and the Rhine.
Section 4. Animal Kingdom of Germany
This area has become a natural habitat for birds - vultures, eagles, storks and falcons.
Recently, many animals, like, incidentally,and birds, were at the point of complete extinction. Local authorities are doing everything possible to restore the number of populations of lynx, wild cats, mountain goats. Protected areas are being built, vaccination is being conducted, in winter animals are fed. Sick animals are sent for examination, and after recovery they return to the wild.
Section 5. Plant world
Most of Germany is covered with forests, both coniferous and deciduous. Fertile soil contributes to lush vegetation.
By the way, we should note that many arrays were planted artificially, later they were maintained and protected for a long time both from pests and from droughty weather and strong winds.
Section 6. Natural resources of the country
In addition, the state actively develops potassium salt. In the thickness of the earth's surface there are not many non-ferrous metals on this territory, but in general it is sufficient for the country's own needs.
Germany also produces natural gas in small quantities and oil.</ p>