Recently, due to certain conditions, infeatures in the summer season, often there is a critical fire situation in the zone of the central region of Russia, when the marshes light up. Most of all, one can observe burning peat bogs in Moscow, as well as other cities that are covered by thick smoke (smog).
Use of marshes
Peatlands provide a lot of beneficial actions for the inhabitants of the planet, namely:
- facilitate air fluctuations;
- flood rivers with water, take away excess moisture as a result of melting snow and reduce floods;
- maintain a constant level of groundwater in the surrounding soils, even in drought;
- are presented to mankind as a gift of game, berries and mushrooms;
- provide shelter and food for a variety of species of animals and plants.
There are separate breeds of plants, which,being in a humid environment, do not disintegrate, like the rest. They are compressed into an inseparable mass, creating a so-called peat, which is absolutely unique material. It's like a sponge, only liquids can absorb much more!
Why are peatlands burning?
Marsh fires are often considered a violationsafety rules of "playing with fire". In addition, flashing may occur due to excessively high temperatures (above 40-45 degrees) or in the event of a lightning strike in the ground cover. Also, grassland, forest and mountain fires can turn into a fire of peat. Their flame passes into the depths of marsh raw materials, where there are roots of various trees or bushes. Burning peat bogs, as a rule, can be seen only in the summer period, when the soil already in abundance has accumulated organic remains and the heat has got into the interior of the marsh layer.
What you should know about peat fires
Smoke is the result of the burning of peat, whichis an ordinary light gray and fragrant mix of flashing products of inseparable sources, having a mixture of finely divided dense matter (their volume is from 20 to 400 microns), gases and vapors.
In this regard, when the marshes light up,a whole "bunch" of combustion effects is formed, containing not only carbon monoxide, but also hot mixtures containing part of nitrogen and oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, peat in the form of soot and other related compounds. It follows that it is necessary to protect your body from all these destructive combustion results and stay away from the places where peat bogs are burning.
In the process of such burning, smoke rises upward. The point at which the combustion outcomes can rise is capable of varying from 2 m to several hundred. All this is due to the state of the internal layers of air (temperature of the earth and atmosphere, time of day, wind speed, and many other factors). Some argue that when burning peat bogs to escape from the smoke, climbing to the roof of the house is undesirable, while others think that the conditions of contamination on the upper floors are lower, especially in the evening and at night with light winds.
Impact of products of burning bogs on the human body
It is very important to realize by what method the resultscombustion of peat and forest fires affect the human body. Large grains of soot, which secrete burning peat bogs, can be easily overcome with a medical bandage. It will save the lungs and bronchi.
For prevention of laryngeal perforation it will be enough to rinse it with a light alkaline mixture (for example, 5% soda solution), to do a wet cleaning of the premises or to take a hygienic shower.
Gauze mask is not the best protection
It is much more difficult to resist jointscarbon and other associated gases. It is necessary to know that a medical or cotton-gauze bandage does not save it, but, on the contrary, worsens a person's condition, since it causes resistance to breathing and reduces gas exchange in the lungs.
In this regard, a person must independentlyChoose for yourself the order of actions when burning peat bogs will occur. What period should be in urban transport, on the street, in the room and how much time to wear a mask? The main criterion here is the state of the organism (healthy or sick, elderly or young) and well-being (headaches, loss of strength, weakness).
To date, no data onnegative influence of smoke (smog) on the human body and the formation of chronic ailments. One can only hear some stories about the deterioration of general health as a result of the summer heat. And burning peat bogs are also the cause.
How to protect yourself from smoke in peat fires
There are some methods of protecting such disasters.
- If possible, leave a place of smoke for a while.
- As little as possible to be in the air, especially early in the morning. During this period, the accumulation of toxic substances in the atmosphere is greatest. You should not also run in the morning.
- It is better to eat sour milk products, alkaline and salted water, but not sweet carbonated.
- It is important to take multivitamins (if there are no contraindications).
- When burning peat bogs emit a strong smell of burning,advised to wear protective dressings, and doors and windows to curtain a wet cloth (gauze, sheet). In particular, this applies to the elderly and those who suffer from allergies, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic lung ailments.
- In rooms it is necessary to make a wet cleaning at least once a day.
- Take a shower 2-3 times a day.
- Thoroughly wash the throat and nose with saline or seawater.
- In food, give preference to vegetables and fruits with the maximum amount of minerals.
- Do not drink alcohol, limit yourself to smoking. All this causes the formation of chronic and severe diseases of the respiratory system.
- If cough and shortness of breath are found, you should see a doctor.
- It is more to be in rooms where the air conditioner or air cleaner works.
- As often as possible walk in the forest park area.
Are peatlands burning in other regions or countries? This is best known to those residents who live in the areas where the swamps are located.</ p>