Philosophy is the oldest discipline,engaged in the study of almost all aspects of life. It, like any other science, has its own special characteristics. Let's try to consider the main ones.
The specificity of philosophical knowledge lies in thecomplexity of its structure. This discipline includes many sciences, in particular, logic, ontology, and so on. Philosophy has a theoretical, most general character. This discipline contains the basic principles and ideas that underlie other sciences. In most cases, philosophical works are rather subjective, that is, they can reflect the world outlook and personality of the author.
Specificity of philosophical knowledge includesvariability under the influence of different eras. Discipline carries not only objective information, but also spiritual values, characteristic for a certain period of time. Philosophy penetrates into the very depths of various phenomena. It studies both the surrounding reality and the mechanism of cognition itself.
Specificity of philosophical knowledge suggestsreflection. Discipline is addressed as outward, that is, in the world of objects, and inward, that is, to itself. Philosophy is characterized by continuity. That is, the fundamental principles worked out by previous thinkers remain unchanged. At the same time, philosophical knowledge constantly evolves, is supplemented. It is quite dynamic.
Philosophy is based on general concepts, oncertain categories. This discipline is virtually inexhaustible, since knowledge has no limits. However, at the same time, philosophical knowledge is limited by the abilities and potential of the thinker.
The discipline and other sciencesmass of common characteristics. In particular, this is a logical-conceptual apparatus, methods of cognition, studied subjects. However, philosophy is not scientific knowledge in its strict form. Other disciplines study only a certain part of reality, and philosophy, in turn, maximizes and develops all previously existing knowledge and principles.
An important distinctive feature of thediscipline is that it deals with eternal questions, the answers to which can not be completely objective and unambiguous. Is there a meaning to life? Where does humanity move in its development? What is love, creativity and freedom? The philosophy tries to answer all these questions, as well as many other questions.
It is worth noting that the discipline under consideration,Despite the fact that it is a set of theoretical knowledge, has the property of embodiment in the material world. Philosophy has a direct impact on the thoughts, ideas and principles of people. This teaching forms political and public ideologies. A person who draws his knowledge from this discipline, develops a certain relation to the surrounding reality. Specificity of the philosophical outlook consists in the systematic nature of knowledge, as well as in the logical validity of the convictions and principles of the individual. It is also worth noting the importance of independent thinking. The philosophical outlook of a person is his personal ideas, principles, thoughts, analyzed and formed by himself.
In conclusion, it can be noted that thediscipline will be relevant as long as there are reasonable people. Specificity of philosophical knowledge implies its constant renewal and improvement. This discipline changes under the influence of different epochs, preserving the basic principles. Philosophy is always up-to-date, as it studies the eternal questions that people are interested in at all times.</ p>