Domestic architecture is rich in outstandingarchitects. But the special caste is made by architects who worked during the Soviet period, because they not only produced innovative ideas, but could also defend them in the conditions of rigid ideological censorship. A bright representative of Soviet architecture is Rozanov Evgeny Grigorievich, who was able to create real masterpieces and decorate the country's space with outstanding buildings and complexes.
The beginning of the way
Where are the outstanding architects born? Most often in ordinary families. So, Evgeny Rozanov was born in a simple family of employees, and nothing seemed to foreshadow great prospects. He was born in 1925 - times were difficult, his growing up was the most difficult tests in the country: industrialization and the destructive Great Patriotic War. During the war, the future architect worked as a mechanic at the car factory, helping the front. When Eugene was to choose a profession, the country lay in ruin, it had to be rebuilt and rebuilt, apparently, this was the motive for choosing the Moscow Architectural Institute, where he entered in 1945. At the institute he was extremely lucky, as his teachers were one of the founders of the famous VKhUTEMAS Vladimir F. Krynsky, as well as outstanding followers of the great I. Zholtovsky - Grigory Alexeyevich Zakharov and Zinaida Chernysheva. They were the most advanced architects of that time, true idols of Moscow's architectural youth. Teachers had a significant influence on the style and taste of the architect Rozanov.
Putting into life
After graduation, Evgeny Rozanov receivesflattering invitation from Grigory Alekseevich Zakharov to go to work in his studio. Here the architect worked for 5 years and received during this time an invaluable experience that helped him quickly reach the first echelon of the country's architects. Such a high start gave him the opportunity for several years to lead the major projects of the Mosproject and Soyuzgiportorg, as well as to come to his native institute as a teacher. For 10 years after leaving the university Evgeny Rozanov grew into a significant architect, who was entrusted with large-scale projects.
For his long and productive creative lifearchitect Rozanov created more than forty significant structures and architectural complexes, among which there are three skyscrapers of 30 floors for the association "Science" on Moscow avenue Vernadsky, which determined the development of this area of the city, the five thousandth sports hall "Dynamo" on Lavochkin Street, the arrangement of the Ukrainian prospectus . He designed a huge complex of Lenin Square in the reconstructed after the earthquake Tashkent, large theaters in Kursk, Orel and Khabarovsk, concert halls in Rostov-on-Don and Kostroma, administrative complexes in Voronezh and Vladivostok and many other buildings.
Architect Yevgeny Rozanov developed his ownindividual handwriting, which makes his projects recognizable, they differ in scale, elements of futurism and constructivism, love for technological materials: concrete, metal, they feel the scope and humanity.
Monuments and monuments
In addition to buildings, the architect Rozanov tookactive participation in the creation of various monuments. So, back in 1956, his first professional award - the first prize in the contest, was awarded to him for the monument to A.V. Shchusev at the Novodevichy Cemetery. Later he creates outstanding compositions: a monument to the troops of the air defense of Moscow in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. on the Square of the Sky Defenders, the monument to the 300th anniversary of the Navy in Russia, the monument to Alexander Pushkin and his wife NN Goncharova in Moscow, the monument to F. Nansen in Moscow, the monument to the peoples of Africa struggling for liberation in Luanda - the capital of Angola . In his works, Rozanov tried to emphasize the greatness of man, and also to create the most advantageous platform for creation.
Administrative and public activities
Outstanding architects often feel highresponsibility to the people for what kind of environment they form, was no exception and Rozanov Eugene. The Russian architect actively participated in many projects to preserve the historical appearance of cities, to create a comfortable and aesthetic environment for people's lives. So, he actively participated in the restoration of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, was among the authors of the project for the reconstruction of Borovitskaya Square in the capital and the building of the Banking Business Center on the Moscow's Ovchinnikovskaya embankment.
Most of Rozanov's life was spent inadministrative activities. He spent 8 years managing the architectural design and construction of the entire country, during which time the profession of the architect was ranked among the highly respected, and he managed to attach importance to the problem of urban development at the state level. He is the founder of the International Academy of Architecture, which still plays an important role in the urban planning of Russia.
Rozanov was even a People's Deputy from 1989 to1992 year. He wrote a lot, and his work helps novice architects learn the basics of their profession. Rozanov performed many honors duties, he was vice-president of the Russian Academy of Arts, president and creator of the International Academy of Architecture in Moscow, a full member of the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building Sciences and a foreign member of the Paris Academy of Architecture.
Honorary title and special achievements
The architect for his fruitful life receivedmany well-deserved awards, he participated in many Russian and foreign competitions and repeatedly won in them. He was awarded several state prizes, seven orders, had a Badge of Honor and a gold medal of the Exhibition of Economic Achievements of the USSR, had two gratitudes from the president of Russia, and the most honorable title of "People's Architect" Yevgeny Rozanov was in 1981.
The ordinary life of the creator
Rozanov Evgeny Grigorievich, whose biographyrich in achievements in architectural creativity and social activities, yet remained in life as an ordinary person. He was very fond of classical music, especially Mozart, Beethoven, Shostakovich, regularly attended concerts that inspired him to work. He was actively engaged in graphics, painting and sculpture, his works were regularly exhibited at exhibitions in Russia and abroad. Yevgeny Grigorievich was happily married to the architect-restorer Ilyenkov Aida Vasilievna, had a son. An outstanding architect died in 2006.
Such architects as Evgeny Rozanov, the countryRussia can be proud of it. He forever inscribed his name in the domestic architecture, becoming a true legend of Russian architecture and town planning of the second half of the 20th century.</ p>