The state of the USSR officially existed in the periodfrom December 30, 1922 to December 8, 1991, when the countries of the former USSR began an independent path of development. For some of them, it was very heavy.
Republic of the USSR
The state included 15 republics. Formation of the territories of the Union took place gradually. The boundaries of the USSR that existed at the time of the collapse of the state were formed in 1940, when Soviet troops annexed the lands of Western Ukraine. We list the names of the republics: Ukraine (capital - Kiev), Russia (Moscow), Belarus (Minsk), Lithuania (Vilnius), Latvia (Riga), Estonia (Tallinn), Kazakhstan (Astana), Armenia (Yerevan), Azerbaijan (Baku) , Georgia (Tbilisi), Turkmenistan (Ashgabat), Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek), Tajikistan (Dushanbe), Uzbekistan (Tashkent), Moldova (Chisinau).
Geographical location of the republics
Tens of thousands of kilometers were all spacesA huge state that lasted more than 70 years. The climate of the republics is significantly different. The countries of the Baltic are located in a strip of moderate humid climate. Ukraine also. In summer, the average temperature varies between +25 ... + 27 degrees, in winter it is about 5 degrees below zero. If you take the countries of the former USSR, Russia is the most exposed to colds, more precisely Siberia, the Arctic and the northern regions of the country. In the south (for example, in the Krasnodar Territory), the temperature in winter, and in summer too, is much higher than in the northern regions. The climate in most of Russia is sharply continental.
In the south-west of the former USSR is located one of thesmall republics - Moldova. The southern countries, the former republics of the USSR, which are geographically located behind the Caucasus Mountains are Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. They live similar, but at the same time sharply contrasting peoples. In Central Asia there are such countries of the former USSR as Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. It is dominated by a dry and hot climate.
Development of the regions of the USSR after the collapse of the Union
Analyzing the geopolitical map, we seeseveral groups formed. The countries of the former USSR today have different political orientations. The leading place is occupied by the Customs Union, which includes Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus. The Baltic countries (Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) have long joined the European Union and NATO. Recently, European aspirations in Ukraine and Georgia are strong. Azerbaijan tries to stay apart, because it is close to countries from other regions, for example, Turkey. Armenia has always remained neutral, but is gradually inclined to resume cooperation with Russia. Turkmenistan today has no particular activity in world political life. Economically, this state is very rich due to reserves of natural resources. Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan are in a permanent crisis, so the level of their development is extremely low.
By the level of the economy of the Republic of the USSR today, asand in the times of the Union, are significantly different. Undoubtedly, the most developed countries are Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, the Baltic countries and, more recently, Georgia. Significantly lag behind the above-mentioned countries of Central Asia.
Sports successes of individual republics
We can talk about this a lot, but we will stop atfootball. The most famous football clubs of the Union were Spartak Moscow, Dynamo Kyiv, Dynamo Tbilisi, Dynamo Moscow. It was the Spartak and the Kievites who remained the leaders for the number of victories in the USSR championship.
Today the teams from the European part of the USSRtake part in club continental tournaments. For the years of independence of the republics, CSKA (Moscow), Zenit (St. Petersburg) and Shakhtar (Donetsk) - victories in the UEFA Cup, Dynamo (Kiev) - the Champions League semi-final have achieved the most success.</ p>