Spelling of adverbs covers several points: this is the choice of the letter at the end of the word, and the use of particles and doubled -n. It is also the use of a dash in words.
The spelling of adverbs through the hyphen is explained in just four basic rules. So, with a dash write:
1. Adverbs, which have a prefix of vo-, and- and are formed from ordinal numbers: third, first, and others.
2. Adverbs, in which there is an undefined particle: ever, for some reason, here and there, somehow.
3. Adverbs that have a prefix, and end in -yi, -em, -ski, -oh, -skie: childish, still, in an empty, childish way, in German, in a good way, apparently, in a friendly way, in their own way, bearish, in different ways.
4. Adverbs consisting of two identical words, repeating roots or from synonyms: dearly, long ago, just about, podruz-posorovu, in a little bit.
The spelling of adverbs does not raise several questions. First, what kind of particle do you use, not-or-? And secondly, whether to merge this or that separately in words?
Negative adverbs with nipishutsya merge: from nowhere, not at all, at all, at all.
A particle is not written together with a word, if it is not used without it. For example: carelessly, unwillingly, perplexed.
The adverb is fused with the non-and in the case when it forms a new word with it, which can be replaced by an adverb without a non- For example, sad (sad), incredulous (suspicious).
Separate spelling of adverbs with "not"is encountered in one case: when this particle serves to deny, that is, in the sentence or is implied, or there is a direct opposition, which is expressed by the union "a". For example: it is not easy for him to study, but with great difficulty.
The choice of the use of the particle is not dependent on the stress in the word. If it falls on a particle, then it is written "not", and without it "neither". For example, once - never.
It is necessary to distinguish negative adverbs, which inproposals are usually a circumstance (from nowhere - the circumstance of the place - do not wait for a letter), from negative pronouns. They usually play the role of a subject or supplement: There is no letter from anyone (from whom? -addition).
The spelling of adverbs at the end depends on the stress, the presence of the prefix. Some forms of words have developed historically and do not have a modern explanation.
So, after sibilants in all dialects is written "b". For example, wide-open, completely, jump, away, backhand. The exception is three words: unbearable, married, really.
Under the accent on the end of adverbs, "o" is written, and without it "e". For example, indignantly, mightily, well, defiantly, hotly.
The ending -a have adverbs with prefixes, from-, with-. For example, to satiety, from afar, lightly, long, white, left.
The ending -o have adverbs with prefixes for, on, in. For example, long, to the right, to the left.
Spelling of adverbs with one or two letters "n" depends on what part of the speech lies at their basis.
If they are formed from participles or adjectives with -n-, then they themselves are also written with the same number of n. For example, restrained - restrained, artificial - artificial, genuine - authentic.
If adverbs of "o" or "e" are formed from adjectives that have one "n" as their basis, then they are also written with one "n". For example, peaceful - peacefully, skilful - skillfully.
Adverbs should be distinguished from passive shortparticiples, standing in the past tense. They, as well as short adjectives, explain the noun. For example: Children excitedly spoke (as they said?). Excited - this is an adverb that matters when the verb is contested by the circumstances of the mode of action. It is formed from participle excited. But the following example is illustrative: The curiosity of children (what?) Is instituted. The last word in this example is a predicate, which explains the noun curiosity, expressed by a brief participle.</ p>