The Armenian Genocide was organized in 1915 on those territories of the country, over which the Ottoman Empire dominated. Quite often this period in the Armenian history is called the Great Atrocity.
It is believed that the Armenian genocide wasseveral stages. To begin with, all Armenian soldiers were disarmed, after which the deportation of a part of citizens to conditions unfit for living began. Subsequently, a mass deportation ensued, accompanied by violence and killings.
Genocide of the Armenian people: historical background
Armenian settlements arose in the second centuryBC. In those days, this people inhabited part of the territories of modern eastern Turkey, as well as the area near Lake Van and Mount Ararat. It is interesting that in 301, it was the Great Armenia that became the first country where Christianity was recognized as the only state religion. Faith also became the impetus for the mass eviction and destruction. But the Armenian genocide began much later.
The country was repeatedly raided by Ottomantroops. And in the late 19th century, most of the Armenian people were under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. And since the citizens of Armenia were not Muslims, they were considered second-rate members of society. For example, soldiers were forbidden to carry arms and testify in court, and taxes were several times higher.
The first mass killings of Armenians took place in1894-1986. Later, there were several more clashes between Armenian soldiers and Ottoman troops, during which several thousand Armenian citizens were killed.
The Armenian Genocide during the First World War
In 1914 between Turkey and Germany wassigned a secret agreement on changing the eastern borders of the Turkish state. This would give an opportunity to build a corridor to the Muslim population of Russia. The creation of such a free area meant the expulsion of Armenians from the territories mentioned.
However, in 1915, when the Ottomanthe empire was dragged into the world war, Armenian citizens were called to the front. In the same year, after the British troops attacked the Dardanelles, it was decided to move the capital of the Ottoman Empire. On the other hand, the authorities feared the possible assistance of the Armenians to the enemy troops. Thus, it was decided to quickly deport all representatives of the Armenian people.
And to this day April 24, 1915is considered a mourning day for the whole people. It was on this day that the Armenian Genocide began. In his organization, Enver Pasha, Talaat Pasha and Jemal Pasha are found guilty.
The Turkish rulers issued an order to collect allArmenian intelligentsia and urgently deported. For months the mass arrests continued. During this period, famous artists, writers, lawyers, businessmen, musicians, doctors and other talented citizens fell victims of repression. Those who were still alive were deported to the desert, where they died from hunger, heat or from the hands of bandits.
But such an extermination of the Armenian peopleoccurred not only in Constantinople - soon repression began to be actively conducted throughout the country. Official sources report that eviction and killings continued until 1918. On the other hand, there is evidence of cruelty towards the Armenian people in the future.
The same refugee groups that managed to escapetragic fate, united in their pursuit of retribution. Thus, a list was created of eighty people who in one way or another were involved in the organization and conduct of the genocide. For almost three years almost all of this list were killed by Armenian soldiers, including Envera Pasha, Shekir Bey, Jemal Pasha and other rulers.</ p>