Armenia has experienced throughout its historyenough. Once it was a great state, then part of the USSR. Today it is a sovereign country, going in its development by an independent road, although not every adult will confidently show it on the map. And even fewer can say anything about the coat of arms of Armenia, the meaning of flowers on its flag, and call its political leader. It is worthwhile, however, to partially fill this gap.
About the history
This state is already more than 2,5 thousand years old, andpeople are known and even more so. Armenia experienced many ups and downs, conquests and liberation, was part of the empires and gained full independence. And its rich history was simply obliged to reflect in its modern symbols. As you know, every state has three: anthem, emblem and flag. It is worth talking about them a little more.
National Symbols of Armenia
Unfortunately, modern tricolor does not haveno relation to the history of this country and appeared only in 1918. Red, blue and orange colors were chosen and approved artificially, they do not reflect the symbols used for centuries. Within the USSR, a traditional scarlet cloth was used with some details that are different for each individual republic, but after the proclamation of independence, Armenia again began using pre-Soviet tricolor. The meaning of his colors is explained as follows: red - the personification of the blood of local soldiers, blue - the sky, and orange symbolizes fertile fields.
The anthem also does not have a serious history, for the first time itappeared in 1918 and existed only a couple of years, after entering the USSR its use ceased for a long time. They returned to him after the collapse of the country in 1991, and it still works. The author of the lines is Mikael Nalbandian, and the music by Barsegh Kanachyan.
But about the Armenian coat of arms is worth talking separately and a little more in detail. It is for him to judge the past of the country, because unlike the flag and the hymn, he has a fairly rich history.
Coat of arms
Despite the fact that he, like the flag with the anthem, waswas approved only in 1918, when the republic gained independence, but before entering the USSR, it is more based on its history than they are. At first glance at the coat of arms of Armenia, it is rather difficult to understand what country it belongs to, it is hardly possible to immediately think about this small modern state. The main colors are golden, red, blue and orange. The lion and the eagle hold a shield divided into four sectors and a central part. In every corner of it there is a symbol of one of the great dynasties that ruled Armenia. There are only four of them: Bagratidy from IX to XI century with a running lion on a red field in the upper left corner, Arshakids from I to V century with two eagles on the blue on the left below, Artashesides, ruling BC, with birds on the scarlet below and, finally , Rubenides, who ruled until the XIV century, the graphic reflection of which is in the remainder. In the center is the main mountain of Armenia - Ararat with Noah's ark on the summit.
The coat of arms of Armenia was again approved in 1991, itsartists were the famous Alexander Tamanyan and Hakob Kodzhoyan. Despite their authority, not so long ago, a number of alleged heraldic inaccuracies or mistakes were discovered. In any illustration or photo, the coat of arms of Armenia looks very solid, but specialists notice some trifles.
Thus, a lion, usually a symbol of power andwisdom and is portrayed with an open mouth, here, on the contrary, with closed. In this case, it can be interpreted as evidence of weakness and vulnerability. Also, some experts consider an omission of the absence of the motto on the tape at the bottom of the symbol. Perhaps, in the coming years the Armenian emblem will undergo some minor changes, keeping the overall picture unchanged.
Those who know that the mountain on the coat of arms of Armeniasymbolizes Ararat, may wonder how it happened that it is located on the territory of Turkey. The fact is that for a long time it really was located within the borders of the state, the symbol of which is. However, in 1921, when the Armenian SSR had already become part of the Soviet Union, according to the terms of the Moscow and Kars agreements, some territory left Turkey. As a result, the mountain was outside the country, 32 kilometers from it. Nevertheless, it still remains its informal symbol and is present on the coat of arms as well.</ p>