In life, people do not just exist, butinteract with each other. In other words, they communicate, show certain emotions, relate to others in a certain way, and so on. If we unite the whole of this social life, then it can be called one word - psychological reality. It is this psychological reality that social psychology studies.
All the knowledge that people have in thesocial psychology, for convenience are systematized. Thus, this science contains scientific ideas about the most diverse socio-psychological phenomena, laws, the causes of their emergence, functioning. In addition, social psychology is divided into sectors that are deeply studied. General views on the direction in which social psychology develops. Methods of using the accumulated experience in public relations. The social psychology of groups, as well as interpersonal relations, is on the first place among socio-psychological relations. And for the second time, social psychology studies all the remaining social processes and phenomena, such as, for example, the mood of people, their feelings, the "climate" in a certain group.
Social psychology has its own object, that is,what its action is directed at. So, the object serve as groups and associations of people, and individual individuals. The socially-psychological phenomena themselves are classified according to the basic principles of belonging to one or another, often completely different, community or entity. So, socio-psychological phenomena take place in organized communities, that is, small and large groups. In large groups, social psychology is expressed in terms such as "nation psychology," "religious psychology," "class psychology," and "psychology of politics." All these concepts look at least unambiguously, but in reality there is a lot of complexity in their content. Even to this day, scientists have been explaining this or that phenomenon ambiguously.
As for small groups, here as wellthere are socio-psychological phenomena related to the relationship between several people or whole groups. However, it should be borne in mind that it is in such groups that the closest contact between all people and their individuals is possible. The branch of social psychology that affects relationships, phenomena and processes in small groups is called the psychology of a small group. In addition to the organized communities mentioned above, there are also unorganized communities. To these communities can be attributed spontaneously the emerged crowd or other mass of people. Social and psychological phenomena that spontaneously arise in these masses, and they are called - mass-like, but the behavioral reactions that are characteristic of people from the crowd - spontaneous. In this regard, we can identify several areas of social psychology: Psychology of panic and fear, crowd psychology, propaganda psychology, advertising psychology, rumor psychology and some others. The very branch of the section of social psychology that studies these processes and phenomena is called the psychology of the mass class of socio-psychological phenomena.
Separately, it must be said that the main objectstudy in social psychology is a person. It is worth noting that the personality represents a different phenomenon, different from the individual, and not related to interpersonal and group relationships.
However, the person in itself is capable ofthe influence of social relations has to change, move into some other state. These changes and processes are studied by a separate branch of social psychology, whose name is the social psychology of the individual.</ p>